Connecticut Department of Transportation OZONE Air Quality Conformity Determination of the 2015 Regional Transportation Plans and the FY 2015 -2018 Transportation Improvement Programs Amendments for the Connecticut portion of the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island, NY -NJ -CT Ozone Nonattainment Area and the Greater Connecticut Ozone Nonattainment Area September 201 6 Note: The Connecticut portion of the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island Nonattainment area (Fairfield, New Haven and Middlesex counties) and the Greater Connecticut Nonattainment area (Hartford, New London, Tolland, Windham and Litchfield counties) have been designated as Marginal Nonattainment areas. This document includes the documentation of the regional analysis for both nonattainment areas within the State of Connecticut, as well as documentation and information on the processes and procedures undertaken by Connecticut Department of Transportation, coordinator of Air Quality Conformity for the Connecticut Regional Planning Organizations. 2 Table of Contents Emissions Analysis 1) Introduction……………………………………………………………… 4 2) Vehicle Emissions…..…………………………………………………….. 9 3) Ozone Nonattainment Areas………………………………………………. 10 4) CO Nonattainment Areas……………………………………….…….…. 11 5) Conformity Tests……………………………………………………………………………. 12 6) Interagency Consultation………………………………………….….…. 13 7) Public Consultation………………………………………………………. 14 8) VMT and Emissions Estimates.…………………………………….……. 15 9) PM 10……………………………………………………………………. 39 10) PM 2.5………………………………………………………………………………………… 40 11) Other Planning Documents…………………………………………….. 40 12) Transportation Planning Work Program..……………………………… 41 13) Conclusions…………………………………………………………….. 41 3 List of Tables Table 1: Classification Categories and Attainment Dates…………………………………… 6 Table 2: List of Connecticut Network Changes……………………………………………… 16 Table 3: VMT Ozone Emissions SIP Budgets………………………………………………………………. 37 Figure 1: List of Figures Connecticut Ozone Nonattainment Areas and PM2.5 Attainment/Maintenance Area 10 Figure 2 Connecticut CO attainment/maintenance areas……………………………………. 11 List of Appendices Appendix A: Interagency Consultation Meeting Minutes………………………………………… 43 Appendix B: MOVES 2010b Tabulations………………………………………………………… 47 Appendix C: MOVES 2010b Input Ozone Emission Runs……………………………………….. 49 Appendix D: Acronyms…………………………………………………………………………… 205 4 INTRODUCTION This report was prepared to document the emissions analysis that was completed to evaluate Transportation Conformity of the Metropolitan Regional Planning Organizations’ Fiscal Year 2015 -2018 Transportation Improvement Programs (TIP) , as Amended and the 2015 Regional Long Range Transportation Plans (LRTP) to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) for air quality. This submittal incorporates the FY 2015 -2018 TIPs , as Amended and 2015 LRTPs from Connecticut’s Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs), and Mobile Vehicle Emission Budgets (MVEBs). The report is submitted to satisfy the requirements of the SIP, as revised. The statewide travel demand models were rerun, along with accompanying Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) and the MOVES201 4a emissions model. The results of these runs show a decrease in emissions in the affected area and therefore the transportation program and plan continue to conform to the State’s air quality plan. On November 15, 1990, the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 was signed into law. On August 15, 1997, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published the Final Conformity Rule. Effective February 17, 2004, EPA approved a revision to the Connecticut SIP for the attainment and maintenance of the one -hour National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ground level ozone. 1 Emissions budgets for the 2007 Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) motor vehicle emissions were calculated using MOBILE6.2 for the Connecticut portion of the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island Nonattainment area and the 2007 motor vehicle emissions budgets (MV EBs) for the Greater Connecticut Nonattainment area. Procedures and criteria contained in that document provided the basis for this Conformity determination. Implementation of these rules has been accomplished through a cooperative effort of the Regional Planning Organizations (RPOs), EPA, Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 1 40CFR Part 52 5 Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTDOT) and the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CTDEEP). In June of 2004, EPA finalized eight -hour conformity rules for ozone nonattainment areas in Connecticut, which became effective in June of 2005. These areas were designated as ‘moderate’ nonattainment for the eight -hour standard: the Connecticut portion of the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island eight -hour ozone nonattainment area, consisting of Fairfield, New Haven and Middlesex counties and the Greater Connecticut eight -hour ozone nonattainment area, consisting of Hartford, Litchfield, New London, Tolland and Windham counties. Emissions were tested against the new eight -hour budgets, which were developed jointly by CTDEEP and CTDOT, and found adequate by EPA on June 27, 2008. The 2009 MVEBs established in 2008 for each of Connecticut’s nonattainment areas represented CTDEEP’s planning estimate at that time of the level of motor vehicle emissions that would be necessary to produce timely attainment of the 1997 8-hour ozone NAAQS. The appropriateness of the 2009 MVEBs was confirmed by actual monitored 2009 design values, which demonstrated that both nonattainment areas had achieved timely attainment of the NAAQS. On August 23, 2010, CTDEEP requested EPA to retain the 2009 MVEBs as adequate ozone precursor budgets for future transportation conformity determinations and for EPA to withdraw the adequacy determination for the 2012 MVEBs, which were set at lower emission levels in case attainment was not achieved by 2009. On December 30, 2010 EPA informed CTDEEP that it was withdrawing its previous adequacy finding on the 2012 out year MVEBs contained in Connecticut’s 8-hour ozone attainment demonstration SIP. Connecticut’s withdrawal of the 2012 MVEBs was published in the Federal Register on February 15, 2011 and the budget change became effective 15 days after publication of the announcement. 6 On May 21, 2012, the Federal Register (77 FR 30160) established the approach for classifying nonattainment areas, set attainment deadlines, and revoked the 1997 Ozone standard for transportation conformity purposes. Areas designated nonattainment for the 2008 Ozone NAAQS were classified into one of the following categories, based on the severity of their ozone problem: Marginal, Moderate, Serious, Severe, or Extreme. EPA established attainment dates for the 2008 primary ozone NAAQS based on the area’s classification, as show n in Table 1.2 Both of the State’s nonattainment areas were classified as “Marginal” for the 2008 Ozone NAAQS. TABLE 1: Classification Categories and Attainment Dates Classification Attainment Date Marginal December 31, 2015 Moderate December 31, 2018 Serious December 31, 2021 Severe December 31, 2027 Extreme December 31, 2032 The EPA has determined that 11 Marginal areas did not attain the 2008 ozone standards by the July 20, 2015, attainment date, and that these areas do not qualify for a 1 -year attainment date extension, and that they must be reclassified as Moderate based on their 2012 -2014 air quality data. Both the Greater Connecticut and the New York -North ern New Jersey -Long Island (NY -NJ -CT) area were two of the eleven areas. 3 The “bump -up” designation to Moderate was effective on June 3, 2016. In this action, the EPA is also establishing a due date of January 1, 2017, by which states with newly -reclassified Moderate areas must submit State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions to address Moderate nonattainment area requirements for those areas. Th e 2Source: Table 4 in 77 FR 30160 3 -04/documents/20160411factsheet.pdf 7 reclassified areas must attain the 2008 ozone standards as expeditiously as practicable, but not later than the Moderate area attainment date of July 20, 2018. Finally, for the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island, NY -NJ -CT, area, the EPA is rescinding the clean data determination issued in June 2012, and is issuing a new SIP call, for the 1997 ozone NAAQS. The states in the New York City area may satisfy the SIP call for the 1997 NAAQS by making timely submittals to meet the Moderate area SIP requirements that n ow apply to this area for the 2008 ozone NAAQS. 4 MOVES2014a includes three new emission control programs associated with regulation promulgated sine the release of MOVES2010b:  Tier 3 emission standards that phase in beginning in 2017 for cars, light -duty trucks, medium -duty passenger vehicles, and some heavy -duty trucks, and Tier 3 fuel standards that require lower sulfur gasoline be ginning in 2017.  Heavy -duty engine and vehicle greenhouse has (GHG) regulations that phase in during model years 2014 -2018.  The second phase of light -duty vehicle GHG regulations that phase in for model years 2017 -2025 cars and light trucks. MOVES2014a also includes new and updated e missions data from a wide range of test programs and other sources. The most significant changes include new effects of fuel properties such as gasoline sulfur and ethoanol, new data on evaporative emissions from fuel leaks and from vehicles parked for mu ltiple days, new analysis of particulate matter (PM) data related to P M speciation and temperature effects on running PM emissions and new real worl d in -use emissions for heavy -duty v ehic les using data from p ortable emission monitoring systems. MOVES201 4a estimates exhaust and evaporative emissions as well as brake and tire wear emissions from all types of on -road vehicles. MOVES2014a also uses a vehicle 4 -09729/determinations -of-attainment -by -the -attainment – date -extensions -of-the -attainment -date -and#h -41 8 classification system based on the way vehicles are classified in the FHWA’s Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS). Other parameters include vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by vehicle and road type, vehicle hours traveled (VHT) by vehicle and road type, the number of each type of vehicle in the fleet, vehicle age distribution, model year, travel speed, roadway type, fuel information, meteorological data, such as ambient temperature and humidity, and applicable control measures such as reformulated gasoline (RFG) and inspection and maintenance (I/M). Local inputs were cooperatively developed by CTDEEP and CTDOT where applicable using EPA recommended methods. 5 Emissions are now tested against the established eight -hour budgets, which were developed jointly by CTDEEP and CTDOT, and found adequate by EPA on June 27, 2008. In November 2012, EPA confirmed by telephone to CTDEEP that future conformity determinations utilizing the MOVES2010b model can be made by comparing emission results to the existing MOBILE6.2 budgets for Ozone. Until superseded by an updated emissions model, all future transportation conformity analysis will be required to demonstrate compliance with MOVES2014a emission budgets. Therefore, as the 2009 MVEBs are adequate ozone precursor budgets, this Air Quality Conformity analysis will compare future year emissions to this base. 5 “M O VE S2 0 1 4 a n d MO VE S 2 0 1 4 a T ec h n i ca l G u i d an c e : U s i n g MO V E S to P r e par e E mi s s i on I n v e n t o r ie s fo r S ta t e I mp l eme n t a t i o n P la n s a n d T r a n sp o r ta t io n Co n f o r mi t y” , E P A -420 -B-15 -0 9 3 , N o v e mb er 2 0 1 5 9 VEHICLE EMISSIONS Ozone Ground level ozone is a major component of smog. It is formed by sunlight and heat acting upon fuel combustion products such as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. Ozone occurs naturally in the upper atmosphere and shields the earth from ultraviolet radiation. However, at ground level, ozone is a severe irritant. Because ozone formation is directly related to atmospheric temperatures, problematic ozone levels occur most frequently on hot summer afternoons. Ozone exposure is linked to respiratory illnesses such as asthma and lung inflammation and can exacerbate existing respiratory ailments. Ozone pollution can also severely damage vegetation, including agricultural crops and forest habitats. Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Mobile source nitrogen oxides form when nitrogen and oxygen atoms chemically react inside the high pressure and temperature conditions in an engine. Nitrogen oxides are precursors for ozone and can also contribute to the formation of acidic rain. Hydrocarbons or Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) Hydrocarbon emissions are a product of partial fuel combustion, fuel evaporation and refueling losses caused by spillage and vapor leakage. VOC reacts with nitrogen oxides and sunlight to form ozone. Carbon Monoxide (CO) Carbon monoxide is produced by the incomplete burning of carbon in fuels, including gasoline. High concentrations of CO occur along roadsides in heavy traffic, particularly at major intersections and in enclosed areas such as garages and poorly ventilated tunnels. Peak concentrations occur during the colder months of the year when CO vehicular emissions are greater. 10 Ozone Nonattainment Areas On March 27, 2008, EPA finalized new ozone standards which tightened the standard to 0.075 parts per million (ppm) from the previous, 1997 ozone standard of 0.08 ppm. On May 21, 2012, EPA finalized designations for this new ozone standard, effective July 20, 2012. The nonattainment areas have changed under the latest 2008 ground -level ozone eight -hour standard. The Connecticut portion of the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island nonattainment area (Fairfield, New Haven and Middlesex counties) has been designated a Marginal Nonattainment area, while the Greater Connecticut area (Hartford, New London, Tolland, Windham and Litchfield counties) has also been designated as a Marginal Nonattainment area. Figure 1 below shows the two Marginal Nonattainment areas in Connecticut. Figure 1: Connecticut Ozone Nonattainment Areas and PM 2.5 Attainment/Maintenance Area 11 CO Nonattainment Areas There were formerly three CO Nonattainment areas in the state. These were the Southwest portion of the state, the greater New Haven area, and the greater Hartford area. The remainder of the state was in attainment for CO. Attainment was demonstrated in each of these areas and, subsequently, they were designated as Full Maintenance areas. On September 13, 2004, EPA approved a CTDEEP submittal for a SIP revision for re -designation of these areas to Limited Maintenance Plan status, thus eliminating the need for budget testing. In the future, “hot -spot” carbon monoxide analyses will be performed to satisfy “project level” conformity determinations. Figure 2 below shows the CO attainment/maintenance areas in Connecticut. Figure 2: Connecticut Carbon Monoxide Maintenace and Attainment Areas 12 Conformity Tests Under the Conformity Rules, the following test for VOC/NOx must be met:  TEST 1 For VOC and NOx, transportation emissions from the Action Scenarios must be less than the 2009 transportation emission budgets if analysis year is 2009 or later. As the CO areas have been approved by EPA for Limited Maintenance Plan status, no tests for CO are required. The ACTION SCENARIO is the future transportation system that will result from full implementation of the Transportation Improvement Programs (TIP) and Long Range Transportation Plans (LRTP). VOC/NOx emission analysis was conducted for summer conditions and for the following years:  2009 (eight -hour MVEB year)  201 7 (New Attainment year and near term analysis year)  2025 (Interim modeling year)  2035 (Interim modeling year)  2040 (Long Range Transportation Plan horizon year) At this time, the following eight -hour emission budgets have been approved by EPA for use in this conformity analysis: 1. In 2009 and subsequent years, VOC in the Connecticut portion of the New York – Northern New Jersey -Long Island Marginal Nonattainment area must be less than 27.4 tons per day. 2. In 2009 and subsequent years, NOx in the Connecticut portion of the New York – Northern New Jersey -Long Island Marginal Nonattainment area must be less than 54.6 tons per day. 3. In 2009 and subsequent years, VOC in the Greater Connecticut Marginal 13 Nonattainment area must be less than 26.3 tons per day. 4. In 2009 and subsequent years, NOx in the Greater Connecticut Marginal Nonattainment area must be less than 49.2 tons per day. INTERAGENCY CONSULTATION An Interagency Consultation Meeting was held on A p r i l 19 , 201 6 to address the need to prepare an Air Quality Determination Analysis for these TIP amendments. All Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO’s), rural COGs, FHWA, FTA, EPA, and CTDEEP were invited to review and comment on the project’s Air Quality coding, analysis years to be modeled, and comments on the latest planning assumptions to be utilized for this conformity. The project Air Quality coding is as follows: CC – Conformity Analysis Completed M – Modeled in the Department’s highway or transit networks NM – Requires modeling and will be included into the Department’s highway and transit networks prior to conformity analysis NRS –a highway or transit project on a facility that does not serve regional needs or is not normally included in the regional travel simulation model and does not fit into an exempt project category in Table 2 or 3 of the Final Rule (40 CFR 93). RS – Regionally Significant refers to a transportation project in the TIP and/or STIP (other than an exempt project) that is on a facility which serves regional transportation needs such as access to and from the area outside of the region, major activity centers in the regions, major planned development such as new retail malls, sports complexes, etc., or transportation terminals as well as most terminals themselves) and would normally be included in the modeling of a metropolitan area’s transportation network, including at a minimum all principal arterial highways and all fixed guide -way transit facilities that offer an alternative to regional highway travel (40 CFR 93.101). Once a project is identified as regionally significant, it must be included in the analysis regardless of funding source. Exempt Project – a project listed in Table 2 or 3 of the Final Rule (40 CFR 93) that 14 primarily enhances safety or aesthetics, maintains mass transit, continues current levels of ridesharing, or builds bicycle and pedestrian facilities . X6 – Project exempt from the requirement to determine conformity under 40 CFR 93.126 X7 – Project exempt form regional emissions analysis requirements under 40 CFR 93.127 X8 – Traffic synchronization projects may be approved, funded and implemented without satisfying conformity requirements under 40 CFR 93.128 It was agreed upon that the 2011 vehicle registration data file would be utilized for this Conformity Determination and CTDEEP and CTDOT staff would discuss update of this file at a May 2016 meeting . A copy of the Interagency Consultation Meeting minutes is included in Appendix A. The final emissions analysis was prepared and the report was distributed for the 30 day public comment period. PUBLIC CONSULTATION As required by the Final Rule, the transportation conformity process must include public consultation on the emissions analysis and conformity determination for Ozone determinations. This includes posting of relevant documentation and analysis on a “clearinghouse” webpage maintained through the interagency consultation process. All MPOs in the Connecticut Ozone Nonattainment areas must provide thirty day public comment periods and address any comments received. For this Ozone transportation conformity determination, all Connecticut MPOs will hold a thirty day public comment period. 15 VMT and EMISSIONS ESTIMATES VMT estimates were developed from CTDOT’s statewide network -based travel model. The 201 5 travel model year, to the extent practical, represents all state highways and major connecting non -state streets and roads, as well as the rail, local bus, and expresses bus systems that currently exist. Future highway networks for 2018, 2020 , 2025 and 2030 and transit networks for 2015, 2016, 2020, 2030 and 2040 were built by adding Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), TIP and LRTP projects (programmed for opening after 201 5) to the 201 5 network year. These networks were used to run travel models and conduct emissions analysis for the years 201 7, 2025, 2035, and 2040. Projects for each model analysis year for which network changes were required are shown on Table 2 as follows: 16 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES 2015 NETWORK CHANGES MPO LANES PROJECT NUMBER DESCRIPTION FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0063 -XXXX Project enhancing Union Station as a regional intermodal transportation Hub and connecting that with the rest of downtown through improved transit, pedestrian and biking infrastructure Varies INTERMODAL TRIANGLE HARTFORD 0077 -0215 Extension of existing Hillside Road to Route 44. Congressional earmark 0/0 1/1 HILLSIDE ROAD MANSFIELD CCD 2015, TIP NEW ROAD 0171 -0305 From New Britain to Hartford, District 1 funding Hartford and New Britain N/A CT FASTRAK NEW BRITAIN -HARTFORD CCD 8/14/2015, TIP NEW BUS SERVICE CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0151 -XXXX Boyden Street Extension Construct new road from Bucks Hill Road to North Main Street 0/0 1/1 BOYDEN STREET WATERBURY Long Range Plan EXTENSION SOUTH CENTRAL 0092 -0614 Reconstruction of Route 34 to at grade Boulevard N/A ROUTE 34 Long Range Plan NEW HAVEN BOULEVARD 0106 -0125 Project to extend Edison Road from its current terminus to Marsh Hill Road, a length of approximately 2,200 feet 0/0 1/1 EDISON ROAD ORANGE EXTEND 17 SOUTH WESTERN 0102 -0278 Add auxiliary lanes between Int. 14 and 15 (NB and SB) on I -95 3/3 4/4 I-95 NORWALK CCD 12 -1-2014 OPERATIONAL LANES 0135 -0310 Removal of automobile bridge over the Mill River 1/1 0/0 WEST MAIN STREET CCD 2014, TIP STAMFORD BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 18 2016 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT LOWER CT RIVER VALLEY 0478 -0077 New Estuary Transit District bus service starting in the center of Madison that will travel along Route 1, Route 81, and Route 154 to downtown Middletown. N/A MADISON -MIDDLETOWN NEW BUS SERVICE CCD 2016 TIP SOUTH CENTRAL N/A 0478 -0077 New Estuary Transit District bus service starting in the center of Madison that will travel along Route 1, Route 81, and Route 154 to downtown Middletown. MADISON -MIDDLETOWN NEW BUS SERVICE CCD 2016 TIP HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0416 -0076 New HARTransit bus service loop between the Interstate 84 Exit 2 Park & Ride, Belimo, and the Matrix Corporate Center. N/A MATRIX COMMUTER DANBURY NEW BUS SERVICE CCD 2016, TIP 19 2018 NETWORK CHANGES REGION DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN CAPITAL REGION 0131 -0190 Remove Bridge Number 00518 Reconstruct 10/322 Intersection 1/1 0/0 ROUTE 10 SOUTHINGTON CCD 11/2017, TIP BRIDGE REMOVAL GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -TMP1 Realignment of Lafayette Circle and establishment of bidirectional traffic on Fairfield Avenue 0/1 1/1 LAFAYETTE CIRCLE BRIDGEPORT CCD 2017, TIP REALIGNMENT 0036 -0184 Main Street Derby from Bridge Street to Route 8 South Exit15 On/Off Ramps (Ausonio Street) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 34 DERBY CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0034 -0347 State Route 806 (Newtown Road) from Old Newtown to Plumtrees & from Eagle to Industrial Plaza, Danbury – Widening from 1 lane each direction to 2 lanes each direction 1/1 2/2 SR 806 NEWTOWN ROAD DANBURY CCD 2016, TIP SOUTH CENTRAL 0079 -XXXX Multiple lane and directional changes in the center of town. Conversion of multiple one way streets to two ways, two way streets to one way, lane reductions. VARIOUS WEST MAIN STREET MERIDEN MULTIPLE LANE CHANGES CCD 2017, TIP 0092 -0531 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract E 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 2016, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 20 0092 -0532 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract B 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 2016, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 0092 -0627 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract B2 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 2016, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 0092 -XXXX Removal of North Frontage Road between State Street & Orange Street 1/1 0/0 NORTH FRONTAGE ROAD NEW HAVEN CCD 2016, TIP ROADWAY REMOVAL 0100 -0175 SACKETT POINT ROAD Project to widen Sackett Point Road from 1 lane to 2 lanes 1/1 2/2 NORTH HAVEN CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING SOUTH WESTERN 0102 -0325 Addition of a through lane on Route 1 Northbound from France Street to Route 53 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 NORWALK CCD 2017, TIP WIDENING 0135 -0301 Reconstruction of I -95 off ramps and Atlantic Street in vicinity of Metro North Railroad Bridge No. 08012R 2/2 3/3 ATLANTIC STREET STAMFORD CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0138 -0211 Addition of a through lane on Route 1 Southbound from Nobel Street to Soundview Avenue 1/1 2/1 ROUTE 1 STRATFORD CCD 2017, TIP WIDENING 21 CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0017 -0182 Addition of a second through lane on Route 6 Eastbound from Carol Drive to Peggy Lane 2/1 2/2 ROUTE 6 BRISTOL CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING 22 2020 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0051 -0259 Interchange improvements at Routes 4, 6, and 9 including a new EB C/D Roadway N/A I84/RT4/RT6 FARMINGTON BID 12 -31 -08, CCD 2019, TIP INTERCHANGE BSWY 0063 -0703 Relocation and Reconfiguration of Interchange 29 on I -91; New addtioanl lanes Rte. 15 NB from 2 to 3 lanes exit 90 to 0.5 miles beyond Exit 91 3/3 4/3 I-91, EXIT 29 HARTFORD WIDENING CCD 2020 Long Range Plan 0155 -0156 Add an Operational Lane WB between Interchanges 42 & 39A; Add an Operational Lane EB between Interchanges 40 & 41 3/3 4/4 I-84 WEST HARTFORD OPERATIONAL LANES CCD 2018 CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0151 -0273 Interstate 84 2/2 3/3 I-84 CCD 11/2020, TIP WATERBURY WIDENING 0151 -XXXX TIGER Grant includes various roadway changes including reconstruction/extension of Jackson Street. Extension will meet at Freight Street and continue to West Main N/A 1/1 DOWNTOWN AREA WATERBURY ADDED ROADWAY CCD 2019, Long Range Plan 23 GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -HXXX Reconstruct and widen Route 130 from Stratford Avenue bridge to Yellow Mill bridge 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 130 BRIDGEPORT Long Range Plan WIDENING 0124 -0165 **As of 2/15/2011current scope from consultant is spot improvements for from Swan Avenue to Franklin Street Project Manager**Bank Street from West Street to North Main St is full scope being reviewed by consultant 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 67 SEYMOUR MAJOR WIDENING Long Range Plan 0124 -XXXX Between Interchange 22 and 23 to improve access N/A ROUTE 8 Long Range Plan SEYMOUR INTERCHANGE 0124 -XXXX ROUTE 8 Realign interchange with new extension of Derby Road N/A SEYMOUR Long Range Plan INTERCHANGE 0126 -XXXX Interchaneg 11 – Construct new SB entrance ramp, Widen Bridgeport Avenue N/A ROUTE 8 SHELTON Long Range Plan MAJOR WIDENING 0126 -XXXX ROUTE 714 Between Huntington Avenue and Constitution Boulevard 1/1 2/2 SHELTON Long Range Plan MAJOR WIDENING 0138 -0248 Recontsruct Interchange 33 on I -95 to provide full interchange from partial to full diamond interchange N/A I-95, EXIT 33 STRATFORD INTERCHANGE RECONSTRUCTION CCD 2020, Long Range Plan 24 HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0008 -XXXX Operational Improvements on White Street at Locust Avenue and Eighth Avenue 1/1 1/2 WHITE STREET DANBURY CCD 2020, Long Range Plan WIDENING 0096 -0204 Addition of a through lane on Route 34 EB from Wasserman Way to Toddy Hill Road. Addition of I – 84 WB and EB on -ramp from Route 34 WB 1/1 2/1 ROUTE 34 NEWTOWN WIDENING CCD 2020, TIP SOUTH CENTRAL 0092 -XXXX ROUTE 69 Intersection Imrpovements at Route 69 and Pond Lily Avenue N/A NEW HAVEN Long Range Plan INTERSECTION IMPROVEMENTS 25 2025 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0042 -0317 Removal of Cambridge Street to Route 2 WB On – Ramp and Sutton Avenue to Route 2 EB Off -Ramp. New through lane on Main Street NB at the approach to the Route 2 WB Off -Ramp. 0/1 0/2 ROUTE 2 EAST HARTFORD WIDENING CCD 2021, TIP LOWER CT RIVER VALLEY 0082 -0316 Reconfiguration and realignment of Route 17 On – Ramp onto Route 9 from Main Street. Removal of the Harbor Drive to Route 9 NB On -Ramp N/A ROUTE 17 MIDDLETOWN INTERCHANGE RECONFIGURATION CCD 2021, TIP SOUTH WESTERN 0102 -0358 Reconfiguration of the interchanges between Route 7, Route 15, and Main Avenue. These changes include multiple new and reconfigured on and off ramps designed to allow access to and from all three major roadways. N/A ROUTES 7 & 15 NORWALK INTERCHANGE RECONFIGURATION CCD 2025, TIP 26 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION VARIOUS TOWNS New Haven/Hartford/Springfield Rail Service Governor’s Transportation Initiative N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL Long Range Plan 0109 -XXXX New Britain Avenue Cooke Street to Hooker Street 1/1 2/2 PLAINVILLE Long Range Plan ADD LANE CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0080 -0128 I-84, Routes 63 -64 Add auxiliary lanes at Int. 17 and on Routes 63/64 CCD 2030 1/1 2/2 MIDDLEBURY/WATERBURY Long Range Plan WIDENING GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0036 -0179 ROUTE 8 Interchange 18 – Construct New NB entrance ramp. ANSONIA Long Range Plan N/A INTERCHANGE 0036 -XXXX Route 8 Interchange 16 and 17; Construct new NB ramps. Close old ramps N/A ROUTE 8 DERBY Long Range Plan INTERCHANGE 0126 -XXXX Interchange 14 – Construct new SB entrance ramp N/A ROUTE 8 Long Range Plan SHELTON INTERCHANGE 27 HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0018 -0124 South of Old State Road to Route 133 1/1 2/2 US 202 Long Range Plan BROOKFIELD WIDENING 0034 -0288 From Kenosia Avenue easterly to I -84 (Exit 4) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 6 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX From I -84 (Exit 2) East to Kenosia Avenue 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 6 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX ROUTE 37 From Route I -84 (Exit 6) Northerly to Jeanette Street 1/1 2/2 DANBURY Long Range Plan ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX Between Interchanges 3 and 4.Between Interchanges 12 and 13 3/3 4/4 I-84 DANBURY, NEWTOWN, SOUTHBURY Long Range Plan ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX Widen Kenosia Avenue from Backus Avenue to Vicinity of Lake Kenosia 1/1 2/2 DANBURY ADD LANES Long Range Plan 0034 -XXXX Widen Backus Avenue from Kenosia Avenue to Miry Brook Road 1/1 2/2 DANBURY ADD LANES Long Range Plan 0034 -XXXX From South Street northerly to Boughton Street; 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 53 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 28 0034 -XXXX ROUTE 37 From Route 53 (Main Street) northerly to I -84 (Exit 6) 1/1 2/2 DANBURY Long Range Plan ADD LANES 0096 -XXXX New Road across Old Fairfield Hills Hospital Campus, From Route 6 South to Route 860 0/0 1/1 NEWTOWN NEW ROAD Long Range Plan ADD LANES SOUTH CENTRAL 0014 -XXXX East Haven Town Line to Alps Road (Echlin Road Private) 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX Route 146 to Cedar Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX Cedar Street to East Main 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX East Main to 1 -95 Exit 55 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX I-95 Exit 55 to Leetes Island Road 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0059 -XXXX Bullard Road extension to Route 77 0/0 1/1 BULLARD RD Long Range Plan GUILFORD WIDENING 29 0059 -XXXX State Street to Tanner Marsh Road 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan GUILFORD WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Washington Avenue to Route 40 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Route 40 to Todd Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Todd Street to Shepard Avenue 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX River Street to Cheshire Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Olds Street (Hamden) to Sackett Point Road 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 Long Range Plan HAMDEN, NORTH HAVEN WIDENING 0073 -XXXX New Rail Station near Salemme Lane in Orange N/A ORANGE CCD 2030, Long Range Plan NEW COMMUTER RAIL 0079 -XXXX Wallingford Town Line to Olive Street (Route 71) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 Long Range Plan MERIDEN WIDENING 0083 -XXXX From West of Old Gate Lane to Gulf Street/Clark Street to Route 1 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 MILFORD Long Range Plan WIDENING 30 0092 -0649 Long Wharf access Plan Widen I -95 (in separate project), Eliminate Long Wharf Drive to expand park, add new road from Long Wharf Drive VARIES NEW HAVEN Long Range Plan 0092 -XXXX From Route 63 to Landin Street 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 69 Long Range Plan NEW HAVEN, WOODBRIDGE WIDENING 0092 -XXXX From Dayton Street (NH) to Landin Street (Wdbg) 1/2 2/3 ROUTE 63 Long Range Plan NEW HAVEN, WOODBRIDGE WIDENING 0098 -XXXX From East Haven Town Line to Doral Farms Road and Route 22 to Guilford Town Line 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 80 NORTH BRANFORD Long Range Plan WIDENING 0106 -XXXX From West Haven Town Line to US 1 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan ORANGE WIDENING 0148 -XXXX From South Orchard Street. to Ward Street and Christian Road to Meriden Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 WALLINGFORD Long Range Plan ROUTE 5 0148 -XXXX From Route 71 overpass South of Old Colony Road to Route 68 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 150 WALLINGFORD Long Range Plan WIDENING 0156 -XXXX Route 1 to Elm Street 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 122 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 31 0156 -XXXX Campbell Avenue to Orange Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 0156 -XXXX Elm Street to Greta Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 0156 -XXXX Bull Hill Ln to Orange Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING VARIOUS TOWNS New Haven/Hartford/Springfield Rail Service Governor’s Transportation Initiative N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL Long Range Plan SOUTH WESTERN 0035 -XXXX Add Lane from Stamford Exit 8 to Darien Exit 10, Operational Lane 3/3 4/4 I-95 Darien -Stamford Long Range Plan WIDENING 0102 -0269 Upgrade to full interchange at Merritt Parkway (Route 15) BID 01 -09 -08 N/A US 7/RT 15 NORWALK CCD 2030, Long Range Plan UPGRADE EXPRESSWAY 0102 -0297 East Avenue from the vicinity of the I -95 Ramps southerly to the vicinity of Van Zant Street 1/1 2/2 EAST AVE #1 NORWALK Long Range Plan WIDENING 0102 -0312 Reconstruction of Interchange 40 Merritt Parkway and Route 7 (Main Avenue). Breakout of 0102 – 0269 Phase 1 N/A ROUTE 7/15 NORWALK CCD 2030, Long Range Plan UPGRADE EXPRESSWAY 32 0102 -XXXX Express Bus/BRT between Norwalk and Greenwich N/A NORWALK -GREENWICH Long Range Plan BRT 33 2040 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -XXXX New Rail Station near Barnum Street in Bridgeport N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL CCD 2040 Long Range Plan 34 In addition, the travel model incorporates the effect of the Employer Commute Options (ECO) Program in Southwest Connecticut (part of the Connecticut Portion of the NY -NJ – LI Marginal Nonattainment area). In response to federal legislation, Connecticut has restructured the ECO Program to emphasize voluntary participation, combined with positive incentives, to encourage employees to rideshare, use transit, and continue to expand their trip reduction activities. This program has been made available to all employers. It is felt that this process is an effective means of achieving Connecticut’s clean air targets. Funding for this effort under the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvements (CMAQ) Program is included in the TIP for FY 2015 -2018. It is estimated that this program, if fully successful, could reduce Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) and mobile source VOC emissions by two percent in Southwestern Connecticut. It should be noted that TIP and LRTP projects which have negligible impact on trip distribution and/or highway capacity have not been incorporated into the network. These include, but are not limited to, geometric improvements of existing interchanges, short sections of climbing lanes, intersection improvements, and transit projects dealing with equipment for existing facilities and vehicles, and transit operating assistance. Essentially, those projects that do not impact the travel demand forecasts are not included in the networks and/or analysis. The network -based travel model used for this analysis is the model that CTDOT utilizes for transportation planning, programming and design requirements. This travel demand model uses demographic and land use assumptions which are based on 2010 Census population and population projections developed jointly by CTDOT and Connecticut’s 14 RPOs in 2012. Employment data was updated in 2012 based upon State Department of Labor 2010 town estimates. The model uses a constrained equilibrium approach to allocate trips among links. The model was calibrated using 2013 ground counts and 2013 Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS) Vehicle Miles of Travel data. 35 Peak hour directional traffic volumes were estimated as a percentage of the ADT on a link by link basis. Based on automatic traffic recorder data, 9.0 percent, 8.5 percent, 8.0 percent and 7.5 percent of the Average Daily Traffic (ADT) occurs during the four highest hours of the day. A 55:45 directional split was assumed. Hourly volumes were then converted to Service Flow Levels (SFL) and Volume to Capacity (V/C) ratios calculated as follows:  SFL = DHV/PHF*N  VC = SFL / C where:  DHV = Directional Hourly Volume  PHF = Peak Hour Factor = .9  N = Number of lanes  C = Capacity of lane Peak period speeds were estimated from the 2000 Highway Capacity Manual based on the design speed, facility class, area type and the calculated V/C ratio. On the expressway system, Connecticut -based free flow speed data was available. This data was deemed more appropriate and superseded the capacity manual speed values. The expressway free flow speeds were updated in 2005. For the off -peak hours, traffic volume is not the controlling factor for vehicle speed. Off – peak link speeds were based on the Highway Capacity Manual free flow speeds as a function of facility class and area type. As before, Connecticut -based speed data was substituted for expressway facilities and was updated in 2005. Two special cases exist in the modeling process: centroid connectors and intrazonal trips.  Centroid connectors represent the local roads used to gain access to the model network from centers of activity in each traffic analysis zone (TAZ). A speed of 25 36 mph is assumed for these links.  Intrazonal trips are trips that are too short to get on to the model network. VMT for intrazonal trips is calculated based on the size of each individual TAZ. A speed of 20 to 24 mph is assumed for the peak period and 25 to 29 mph for the off –peak period. The Daily Vehicle Miles of Travel (DVMT) is calculated using a methodology based on disaggregate speed, converted to summer and winter VMTs, and summarized by Nonattainment area, functional class, and speed. The VMT and speed profiles developed by this process are then combined with the emission factors from the MOVES201 4a model to produce emission estimates for each scenario and time frame. The MOVES201 4a input and output data may be found in the Appendices. Table 3 on the following page shows the 2015 through 2040 Action Emissions and Eight – Hour Budgets for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) resulting from this process. 37 TABLE 3 VMT – OZONE EMISSIONS – SIP BUDGETS Ser ies 30G Year Ozone Area Series 30G Budgets Difference VOC NOX VOC NOX VOC NOX 2015 CT Portion of NY -NJ -LI Area 23.15 42.08 27.40 54.60 -4.25 -12.52 Greater CT Portion 21.41 36.79 26.30 49.20 -4.89 -12.41 2025 CT Portion of NY -NJ -LI Area 15.48 22.66 27.40 54.60 -11.92 -31.94 Greater CT Portion 14.54 19.82 26.30 49.20 -11.76 -29.38 2035 CT Portion of NY -NJ -LI Area 13.32 20.12 27.40 54.60 -14.08 -34.48 Greater CT Portion 12.70 18.00 26.30 49.20 -13.60 -31.20 2040 CT Portion of NY -NJ -LI Area 13.72 20.72 27.40 54.60 -13.68 -33.88 Greater CT Portion 13.05 18.44 26.30 49.20 -13.25 -30.76 Note : 1 A small reduction in the Greater Connecticut area will occur from the ECO program in the Connecticut portion of the NY -NJ -LI due to travel between the areas. 2 VOC & NOX emissions are in tons per day and are calculated using Connecticut’svehicle mix. 3 HPMS 14 Functional Class system used. 4 National Low Emission Vehicle (NLEV) program included in 2008 and all future years. 5 Eight Hour Ozone emission budgets effective June 27, 2008 6 Series 30G with 20 iteration equilibrium assignment. 7 Year 2015 emissions are based on Series 30G. 38 In all cases, the transportation program and plan meet the required conformity test:  Action year emissions are less than approved 2009 budgets for VOX/NOx This analysis in no way reflects the full benefit on air quality from the transportation plan and program. The network -based modeling process is capable of assessing the impact of major new highway or transit service. It does not reflect the impact from the many pr ojects which are categorically excluded from the requirement of conformity. These projects include numerous improvements to intersections, which will allow traffic to flow more efficiently, thus reducing delay, fuel usage and emissions. The program also includes a significant number of miles of resurfacing. Studies have shown that smooth pavement reduces fuel consumption and the attendant CO and VOC emissions. Included in the TIP but not reflected in this analysis are many projects to maintain existing rail and bus systems. Without these projects, those systems could not offer a high level of service. With them, the mass transit systems function more efficiently, with improved safety, and provide a more dependable and aesthetically appealing service. These advantages will retain existing patrons and attract additional riders to the system. The technology to quantify the air quality benefits from these programs is not currently available. As shown in this analysis, transportation emissions are declining dramatically and will continue to do so. This is primarily due to programs such as reformulated fuels, enhanced inspection and maintenance (I/M) programs, stage two vapor recovery (area source), and the low emissions vehicles (LEV) program. Changes in the transportation system will not produce significant emission reductions because of the massive existing rail, bus, highway systems, and land development already in place. Change in these aspects is usually marginal, producing very small impacts. 39 PM 10 EPA previously designated the City of New Haven as Nonattainment with respect to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter with a nominal diameter of ten microns or less (PM 10). The PM 10 Nonattainment status in New Haven was a local problem stemming from activities of several businesses located in the Stiles Street section of the City. Numerous violations in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s of Section 22a -174 -18 (Fugitive Dust) of CTDEEP regulations in that section of the city led to a nonattainment designation (CTDEEP, 1994: Narrative Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, State Implementation Plan Revision For PM 10, March 1994). Corrective actions were subsequently identified in the State Implementation Plan and implemented, with no violations of the PM 10 NAAQS since the mid -1990’s. All construction activities undertaken in the City of New Haven are required to be performed in compliance with Section 22a -174 -18 (Control of Particulate “Emissions”) of the CTDEEP regulations. All reasonable available control measures must be implemented during construction to mitigate particulate matter emissions, including wind -blown fugitive dust, mud and dirt carry out, and re -entrained fugitive emission from mobile equipment. The projects contained in the STIP and Plans, designated within the City of New Haven, are expected to have little effect on the overall projected vehicle miles of travel for the area and are not expected to cause significant additional airborne particulate matter to be generated. The transportation projects initiated in New Haven are not designed to enhance development in the area. Therefore, the projects undertaken in this area will not have a detrimental effect on PM 10 in New Haven. On October 13, 2005, EPA published in the Federal Register (Vol. 70, No. 197), approval of a request by CTDEEP for a Limited Maintenance Plan and redesignation of the New Haven Nonattainment Area to Attainment for the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM 10. This direct final rule became effective on December 12, 2005. As with limited maintenance plans for other pollutants, emissions budgets are 40 considered to satisfy transportation conformity’s “budget test”. However, future “project level” conformity determination may require “hot spot” PM 10 analyses for new transportation projects with significant diesel traffic in accordance with EPA’s Final Rule for “PM 2.5 and PM 10 Hot -Spot Analyses in Project -level Transportation Conformity Rule PM 2.5 and PM 10 Amendments; Final Rule (75 FR 4260, March 24, 2010) which became effective on April 23, 2010. PM 2.5 In December of 2004, EPA signed the final rulemaking notice to designate attainment and Nonattainment areas with respect to the Fine Particles (PM 2.5 ) National Ambient Air Quality Standards, becoming effective April 5, 2005. In Connecticut, Fairfield and New Haven counties are included in the New York -Northern New Jersey -Long Island, NY -NJ – CT PM 2.5 Nonattainment area. Transportation plans and transportation improvement programs (TIPS) for the tri-state nonattainment area were found to be collectively conforming as of November 2006 . On June 20, 2007, PM 2.5 budgets were found to be adequate for the early progress SIP. As EPA New England has determined the MOVES2010b 2017 and 2025 motor vehicle emissions budgets submitted on June 22, 2012 to be adequate for transportation conformity purposes, the emissions analysis in this report will be limited to these areas only and the budgets effective as of February 20, 2013. On September 24, 2013, EPA published its approval of the PM 2.5 redesignation request, establishing October 24, 2013 as the effective date of redesignation to attainment/maintenance for Connecticut’s portion of the NY -NJ -T area for both the 1997 annual and 24 -hours PM 2.5 NAAQS . The PM 2.5 Conformity Submittal is a separate document which currently includes data specific to Connecticut’s five MPO’s contained in that attainment/maintenance area. OTHER PLANNING DOCUMENTS The enaction of Section 81 of Connecticut Public Act 13 -277 repealed Section 13b -15 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no longer mandating a biennial Master Transportation Plan effective July 1, 2013. The Department’s Capital Plan has been expanded to include much of the project information that was formerly included in the MTP. In addition , the 41 Existing Systems document and the Statewide Long Range Transportation Plan contain other information that was includedin various MTPs. TRANSPORTATION PLANNING WORK PROGRAM CTDOT’s FY 201 7-2018 Transportation Planning Work Program contains a description of all planning efforts (including those related to air quality) to be sponsored or undertaken with federal assistance during FY 201 7 and 201 8. Included with this program are several tasks directly related to CTDOT’s responsibilities under Connecticut’s SIP for Air Quality. Additional functions, such as those supporting the preparation of project level conformity analysis, are funded under project related tasks. This work program is available at CTDOT for review. CONCLUSIONS CTDOT has assessed its compliance with the applicable conformity criteria requirements of the 1990 CAAA. Based upon this analysis, it is concluded that all elements of CTDOT’s transportation program and the Regional Long -Range Transportation Plans conform to applicable SIP and 1990 CAAA Conformity Guidance criteria and the approved interim transportation conformity budgets. In addition to the information required for a conformity determination , the following is attached:  Appendix B: The MOVES2014a tabulations for each analysis year  Appendix C: The MOVES201 4a input data for each analysis year (Ozone) 42 Please direct any questions you may have on the air quality emission analysis to: Connecticut Department of Transportation Bureau of Policy and Planning Division of Coordination, Modeling and Crash Data – Unit 57531 2800 Berlin Turnpike Newington, CT. 06111 (860) 594 -2032 Email: 43 APPENDIX A 44 INTERAGENCY CONSULTATION MEETING Statewide Transportation Improvement Program Amendments Connecticut Department of Transportation Room 2324 –April 19, 2016 Go To Meeting Attendees: Eloise Powell – FHWA Ken Shooshan -Stoller, FHWA P a u l F a r r e l l – C T D E E P Paul Bodner – CT DEEP Lou Corsino – CTDEEP Jennifer Carrier – CRCOG P r a m a d P a n d e y – CRCOG C a r a R a d z i n s – CRCOG J i l l i a n M a s s e y – CRCOG Mark Nielson – CNVMPO Christian Meyer – CNVMPO Meghan Sloan – CT Metro COG Pat Carleton – CT Metro COG Robert Haramut – LCRVCOG Stephen Dudley –SCRCOG James Rode – SCRCOG Richard Guggenheim – SECCOG Joanna Wozniak – NWHill COG Hoween Flexer – NW Hill COG Susan Prosi – Western COG Jon Chew – Western COG Maribeth Wojenski – CTDOT Judy Raymond – CTDOT Rose Etuka – CTDOT Roxane Fromson – CTDOT Grayson Wright – CTDOT Edgar Wynkoop – CTDOT S a r a R a d a c s i – CTDOT Matthew Cegielski – CTDOT Tiffany Garcia – CTDOT Joe Ouellette – CTDOT Ryan Dolan – CTDOT The Interagency Consultation Meeting was held to review projects submitted to the STIP Unit for inclusion in the updated, amended STIP . Both the Ozone and PM 2.5 reports will be electronically distributed to the MPOs in the appropriate Nonattainment/Maintenance areas, FTA, FHWA, DEEP and EPA. The MPOs 45 will need to hold a 30 day public comment and review period. At the end of this review period, the MPO will hold a Policy Board meeting to endorse the Air Quality Conformity determination. There was also a brief discussion on the travel model and emissions software planning assumptions employed in the conformity analysis. The schedule for the 2015 -2018 Regional Transportation Improvement Plans Amendments Conformity Determination Analysis is as follow:  MPOs transmit signed and dated Concurrence Form to by April 19 , 201 6.  CTDOT Travel Demand Model Unit performs the air quality analysis and sends the Air Quality Conformity Determination Reports electronically to all MPOs in A g u s t 201 6.  MPOs advertise and hold a 30 -day public review and comment period for the Air Quality Conformity.  MPOs hold a Policy Board meeting approving and endorsing the Air Quality Conformity.  MPOs transmit resolutions endorsing the Air Quality Conformity to by end of October 201 6. It is important that all MPOs follow this schedule to ensure that the LRTP and TIP/STIP Amendment Conformity Determinations can go forward on schedule. 46 PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS Ozone and PM2.5 2015 Regional Long Range Transportation Plan Conformity Analysis A p r i l 19 , 201 6 Planning Assumptions for Review Frequency of Review * Responsible Agency Year of Data Socioeconomic Data At least every 5 years CTDOT 2010 Census Data available 2012 DMV Vehicle Registration Data At least every 5 years CTDEEP 2011 Data available 2012 State Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program Each conformity round CTDEEP 2005 Plus State Low Emission Vehicle Program Each conformity round following approval into the SIP CTDEEP Same as SIP VMT Mix Data At least every 5 years CTDEEP 2010 Analysis Years – PM 2.5 Each conformity round CTDOT/CTDEEP 2017, 2025, 2035, 2040 Analysis Years – Ozone Each conformity round CTDOT/CTDEEP 201 7, 2025, 2035, 2040 Emission Budget – PM2.5 As SIP revised/updated CTDEEP 2017 / 2025 PM 2.5 Emission Budget – Ozone As SIP revised/updated CTDEEP 2009 Temperatures and Humidity As SIP revised/updated CTDEEP X Control Strategies Each conformity round CTDEEP X HPMS VMT Each conformity round CTDOT 2013 EPA Software Each conformity round CTDOT MOVES201 4a * Review of Planning Assumptions does not necessarily prelude an update or calibration of the travel demand model. 47 Appendix B MOVES201 4a tabulations 48 201 7 MOVES201 4a County Summary: Pollutants 2017 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non -Attainment Area Greater CT Non -Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Hartford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 8.0244 1.7403 7.5397 17.3044 8.2636 1.9294 2.8036 1.5749 1.1707 15.7420 33.0465 3 Nox 11.0054 2.6815 11.1141 24.8010 11.7062 2.0233 4.2962 2.3874 1.5816 21.9947 46.7956 79 NM Hydrocarbons 7.6573 1.6511 7.1680 16.4765 7.8769 1.8698 2.6626 1.4907 1.1175 15.0175 31.4940 87 VOC 8.1366 1.7551 7.6239 17.5157 8.3870 1.9875 2.8346 1.5897 1.1905 15.9892 33.5049 2025 MOVES201 4a County Summary: Pollutants 2025 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non -Attainment Area Greater CT Non -Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Hartford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 5.6711 1.2587 5.4201 12.3499 6.0043 1.3971 1.9931 1.1458 0.8431 11.3834 23.7333 3 Nox 5.7985 1.4516 5.9869 13.2370 6.3876 1.0402 2.2868 1.3119 0.8444 11.8708 25.1078 79 NM Hydrocarbons 5.3148 1.1686 5.0445 11.5279 5.6115 1.3461 1.8519 1.0583 0.7907 10.6585 22.1863 87 VOC 5.6697 1.2474 5.3887 12.3059 5.9991 1.4344 1.9796 1.1337 0.8456 11.3925 23.6984 2035 MOVES201 4a County Summary: Pollutants 2035 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non -Attainment Area Greater CT Non -Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Hartford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 3.3031 0.7511 3.3384 7.3926 3.5361 0.8431 1.1997 0.7077 0.5125 6.7990 14.1916 3 Nox 3.3255 0.8551 3.6517 7.8322 3.7176 0.5383 1.3636 0.8205 0.5007 6.9406 14.7728 79 NM Hydrocarbons 3.0079 0.6748 3.0071 6.6898 3.2058 0.8061 1.0782 0.6300 0.4681 6.1882 12.8780 87 VOC 3.2499 0.7304 3.2554 7.2357 3.4704 0.8669 1.1680 0.6844 0.5069 6.6967 13.9324 2040 MOVES201 4a County Summary: Pollutants 2040 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non -Attainment Area Greater CT Non -Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Hartford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 3.0164 0.6921 3.0725 6.7810 3.2556 0.7386 1.1065 0.6605 0.4776 6.2386 13.0197 3 Nox 3.0953 0.8026 3.4347 7.3326 3.4884 0.4673 1.2823 0.7818 0.4727 6.4924 13.8250 79 NM Hydrocarbons 2.7278 0.6170 2.7458 6.0905 2.9303 0.7047 0.9867 0.5832 0.4336 5.6384 11.7289 87 VOC 2.9781 0.6749 3.0040 6.6570 3.2058 0.7655 1.0802 0.6402 0.4745 6.1662 12.8232 49 APPENDIX C MOVES 201 4a Input Ozone Emission Runs 50 2017 Fairfield 51 52 53 54 2017 Hartford 55 56 57 < /internalcontrolstrategy> 58 59 2017 Litchfield 62 63 64 2017 Middlesex 67 68 69 2017 New Haven 70 71 72 73 74 2017 New London 75 76 77 78 79 2017 Tolland 82 83 84 2017 Windham 85 86 87 88 89 2025 Fairfield 90 91 92 93 2025 Hartford 94 96 97 2025 Litchfield 98 100 101 2025 Middlesex 102 103 104 105 2025 New Haven 106 107 108 109 110 2025 New London 111 112 113 114 115 2025 Tolland 118 119 120 2025 Windham < ![CDATA[Windham County (09015) for 2025. County scale, inventory mode, july (summer day run), weekdays, 24 hours, all fuels (except placeholder and LPG)/source use ty pe combinations, all road types. VOCs and NOx. For use in the 2016 Conformity August 2016 ]]> 123 124 125 2035 Fairfield 128 129 130 2035 Hartford 131 132 133 134 135 2035 Litchfield 136 137 138 139 140 2035 Middlesex 141 142 143 144 145 2035 New Haven 146 147 148 149 150 2035 New London 153 154 155 2035 Tolland 156 157 158 159 160 2035 Windham 161 162 163 164 165 2040 Fairfield < ![CDATA[Fairfield County (09001) for 2040. County scale, inventory mode, july (summer day run), weekdays, 24 hours, all fuels (except placeholder and LPG)/source use ty pe combinations, all road types. VOCs and NOx. For use in the 2016 Conformity August 20 16]]> 168 169 170 2040 Hartford 173 174 175 2040 Litchfield 178 179 180 2040 Middlesex 181 182 183 184 185 2040 New Haven < /description> 186 187 188 189 190 2040 New London 191 192 193 194 195 2040 Tolland 198 199 200 2040 Windham 203 204 205 Appendix D ACRONYMS 206 Acronyms Acronym Meaning CAAA Clean Air Act Amendments (1990) CO Carbon Monoxide COG Council of Government CTDOT Connecticut Department of Transportation CTDEEP Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FSD Final Scope Development (Now PD) ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act MAP -21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21 st Century Act MOVES Mobile Vehicle Emission Simulator MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards NH 3 Ammonia NOx Nitrogen Oxides PD Preliminary Design (Formerly FSD) PDWP Project Development Work Program PM 2.5 Fine Particulate Matter PMT Person Miles Traveled RA Regional Administer ROP Rate of Progress RTP Regional Transportation Plan (generally refers to Regional Transportation Plan Update) SAFETEA -LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users SD Study and Development SIP State Implementation Plan SO x Sulfur Oxides STIP Statewide Transportation Improvement Program TCM Transportation Control Measure TIP Transportation Improvement Program USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation USEPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency VMT Vehicle Miles Traveled VOC Volatile Organic Compound