Co n n e c ti c ut Dep a rtm en t of T ra n sp o rt a tion O Z O NE Air Q u a lity C o n fo rm ity D eterm in at ion of the 201 5 Regio nal Tr ansport atio n Pla ns and th e FY 201 8-2021 Tr ansp ort atio n Im prov em ent Prog ram s Am end m ents for th e Conn ect icut portion of th e New York-Nort her n New Jer sey-Long Isl and , NY -NJ-CT Oz one Nonattai nm ent Are a and th e Gre ate r Connect icut O zone Nonattai nm ent Area May 2017 Note: The Conn ectic ut po rtion of the New Yo rk-Northern New Jersey-Lo ng Island Nonattainme nt area (Fairfield, New Haven an d Mid dlesex counties) an d the Greater Conn ectic ut Nona ttainme nt area (Hartford, New Lo ndon , Tolland, Win dha m and Litchfield counties) ha ve been desi gna ted as Mo derate Nona ttainme nt areas. This do cume nt incl udes the do cume ntati on of the regiona l ana lys is for bo th nona ttainme nt areas within the State of Connecticut, as well as do cume ntati on and information on the processes an d procedu res und ertaken by Conn ectic ut De pa rtme nt of Tran spo rtatio n, coordinator of Air Qua lity Con formity for the Conn ectic ut Re gional Planning Org an izatio ns. Table of Contents 1) Introduction…………… ……………………………… ………………… 4 2) Vehicle Emissions…..…… …………………………… ………………… .. 8 3) Ozone Nonattainment Areas…………… ……………… …………………. 9 4) CO Attai nment/Mai ntenance Areas… ………………… ………………… 11 5) Conformity Test s……………………………………………………………………………. 11 6) Interagency Consultat ion……………………………… ………….… .…. 13 7) Public Consultation…… ……………………………… ……. ..……… …. 14 8) VMT and Emissions Estimates.…… ………………… ……………. ……. 15 9) PM 10………………… ……………………………… …………………. 40 10) PM 2.5………………………………………………………………………………………… 41 11) Other Planning Documents………………………… ………………… .. 42 12) Tra nsportation Planning Work Program..………… …………………… 42 13) Conclusions…… …………………………………… ………………… .. 43 2 3 List of Tables Table 1: Classificati on Categories and Attai nment Dat es…… …… … ……… … …… … …… 6 Table 2: List of Connectic ut Ne twork Changes…… … …… … …… … ……… … …… … …… 16 Table 3: VMT Ozone Emissions SIP Budgets ………………………………………………………………. 38 Figure 1: List of Fig ures Connect icut Ozone Nonattai nment Areas and PM2.5 Attai nm ent/Mai ntenance Area 10 Figure 2 Connect icut CO Attai nment/ Mai ntenance Area s……… …… ……… … …… … ……. 11 List of App endices App endix A: Interagency Consultat ion Mee ting Minutes…… … …… …… ……… … …… … …… 44 App endix B: MOVES 2014 a Tabulatio ns… ……… … …… … …… … …… ……… … …… … …… 48 App endix C: MOVES 2014 a Input Ozone Emission Runs…… … …… … ……… … …… … …….. 50 App endix D: Acronyms………………………………………………………………………… … 258 4 INTR O D UC TIO N This report was prepared to do cum en t the em iss ions an alysis that was completed to evaluate Transportation Co nformity of the Metropolitan Re gional Plan ning Or ga nizat ions’ Fiscal Year 2018-2021 Transpor tation Im provem ent Program s (TIP ) and the 201 5 Re gional Long Range Transpor tation P lans (L RTP) to the S tat e Implem entation Plan (SI P) for air quality. Th is sub m ittal incorporates the FY 20 18- 20 21 TIPs an d 201 5 LRTPs from Conn ecticut’s Re gional P lanning Or ganization s (RPOs), and Mobile Ve hic le Em iss ion Budg ets (MVE Bs ). The rep ort is sub m itted to satisfy the requirements of the SIP , as revised . The statewi de travel de m and m od els were reru n, along with accompa nying Ve hicle Miles of Travel (V MT) and the MOVES2014 a em ission s m odel. The results of these runs show a dec rease in em iss ions in the affected area an d therefore the transpor tation program an d plan continue to con form to the St ate’s air qu ality pla n. On Novem ber 15, 199 0, the Clea n Air Act Amend m en ts (CAAA) of 199 0 was signe d into law. On Au gust 15, 199 7, the En viron m ental Protection Agency (EP A) publis he d the Final Co nformity Rule. Effective Feb ruary 17, 20 04, EPA appro ved a revision to the Con necticut SIP for the attainm en t an d maintena nce of the one-hour National Ambien t Air Quality St andard (NAAQS) for groun d level ozone.1 Em iss ions budgets for the 2007 Volat ile Or ga nic Com po und s (VOC) and Nitroge n Oxide s (NO x) m ot or vehicle em iss ions were calcu lat ed using MOBI LE6. 2 for the Conn ecticut portion of the New Yor k-Northern New Jerse y-Long Island Nonat tainm en t area an d the 2007 m otor vehicle em iss ion s bud get s (M VEB s) for the Greater Con necticut Nonattainm en t area . Procedures an d criteria contained in that docum ent provided the basis for this Con form ity determ inat ion. Implementa tion of these rules has been accomplishe d through a coop erative effort of the Region al Plan ning Or ganization s (RP Os), EPA, Fe der al Transit Ad ministration (FTA ), Fed eral Highway Ad m inistration (FHW A), 1 40CFR Part 52 5 Con necticut Dep artm ent of Transpor tation (CTD OT) and the Conne cticut Dep ar tm en t of Ener gy and Environm ental Protection (CTDEEP). In June of 20 04, EP A finalized eight -hour conform ity rules for ozone nonat tainmen t areas in Conn ecticut, which becam e effective in June of 2005 . These ar eas were desi gnated as ‘Moderate’ Non attainment for the eight -ho ur standa rd: the Conn ecticut portion of the New Yor k-Northern New Jersey-Lo ng Island eight-hour ozon e Non attainment Area, cons isting of Fairfield, New Ha ven and Middlesex count ies an d the Gre ater Conn ecticut eight-hour ozon e Non attainment Area, cons isting of Hartford, Litch field, New Lon don , Tolland an d W indh am cou nties. Em issions were tested against the new eight-ho ur budg ets, which were de velo ped jointly by C TDE EP an d CTD OT, a nd foun d ade quate by EP A on Jun e 27, 200 8. The 20 09 MVEBs establishe d in 200 8 for each of Conn ecticut’s n on attainm ent areas represented CTDEEP’s planning estimate at that time of the level of motor vehicle em iss ions that would be necessary to prod uce tim ely atta inment of the 19 97 8-hour ozon e NA AQS. The ap propr iaten ess of the 20 09 MVE Bs was con firm ed by ac tual m onitored 2009 desi gn values, which de m on strated that both nonat tainm en t ar eas had achieved timely attainm ent of the NAAQ S. On August 23, 2010 , CTDEEP requ ested EPA to retain the 200 9 MVEBs as ad equat e ozon e pr ec ur sor bu dgets for future transportat ion c on form ity determ ination s and for EPA to withdraw the ade quacy determ ina tion for the 201 2 MVEBs, which were set at lower em iss ion levels in case attainm ent was not achieved by 2009 . On Decem ber 30, 2010 EPA inform ed CTDE EP that it was withdrawing its previous ade quacy finding on the 201 2 out year MVEBs contained in Conn ecticut’s 8-hou r ozone attainm en t de m onstration SIP. Conne cticut ’s withdra wal of the 201 2 MVE Bs was pu blishe d in the Fe deral Register on February 15, 2011 and the bu dget chan ge became effective 15 days after publication of the an nou ncem en t. On May 21, 20 12, the Fed eral Register (77 FR 30 160) established the ap proach for class ifying nona ttainment areas, set attainment dea dlines, and revoked the 199 7 Ozon e 6 standard for transpor tation conform ity pur poses. Areas designate d nonat tainment for class ifying nona ttainment areas, set attainment dea dlines, and revoked the 199 7 Ozon e standard for transpor tation conform ity pur poses. Areas designate d nonat tainment for the 20 08 Ozon e NAA QS were class ified into one of the followi ng categories, ba sed on the severity of their ozone problem: Mar ginal, Moderate, Ser ious, Severe, or Extreme. EPA establishe d attainment dates for the 20 08 pr imary ozone NAAQ S ba sed on the area’s class ification , as sho wn in Tab le 1.2 Both of the St ate’s nona ttainm ent areas were classi fied as “Mar ginal” for the 2008 Ozon e NAAQ S. TABLE 1: Class ificati on Cat eg ories and Atta inm ent Da tes Classif icatio n Attainment Date Marginal Decem ber 31 , 2015 Moderate Decem ber 31 , 2018 Serious Decem ber 31 , 2021 Severe Decem ber 31 , 2027 Extreme Decem ber 31 , 2032 The EPA has determ ined that 11 Mar ginal areas did not at tain the 20 08 ozone stan dards by the July 20, 2015, attai nment da te, and that the se ar eas do not qual ify for a 1-year attai nment date extension, and that they m ust be reclass ified as Moderate bas ed on their 20 12-20 14 air qual ity dat a. Both the Gre ater Co nnectic ut and the New Yor k-Nort hern New Jersey -Long Isl and (NY-NJ-CT) are as were two of the ele ven ar eas .3 The “bum p- up” d esignation to Mod erate was effecti ve on June 3, 20 16. In this action, the EPA is also est ablishing a due date of January 1, 2017, by which states with new ly-reclassi fied Moderate areas m ust su bm it St ate Implem entation Pl an (SIP) re visions to address Modera te nonatta inm ent area re quire m ents for those area s. The 2Source: Table 4 in 77 FR 30160 3 http s://ww w.epa. gov/sites/prod uctio n/files/201 6-04/docu ments/20160411 fact sheet.pdf 7 reclassi fied ar eas m ust atta in the 2008 ozone standards as exped itiously as practica ble. On March 20, 2017, EPA notified C TDEEP that EPA has determined the M VEBs for the Greater Connecticut Ozone non -attainment area , submitted as a SIP revision by CTDEEP to EPA on Jnauar y 17, 2017, to be adequate for transportation conformity purposes. The VOC and NOx emissions shown for the Greater Connecticut area do not exceed the new ly determined adequate budgets. These new budgets will be effective fifteen days after EPA publishes a Notice of Aduquacy in the Federal Register. Final ly, for the New Yor k-Northern New Jerse y-Long Island, NY -NJ-CT, ar ea, the EPA is rescin ding the clean data determ ination iss ued in June 20 12, and is issuing a new SIP cal l, for t he 1997 ozone NAA QS. The states in the New York City area m ay satisfy the SIP call for the 1997 NAAQS by m aking tim ely sub m ittals to m eet the Modera te area SIP re quirem ents that now apply to this area for the 2008 ozone NA AQS .4 MOVES 2014 a inc lude s three new em ission con trol program s ass ociate d with regulat ion p rom ulgate d since the re lease of MOV ES2010 b:  Tier 3 em ission standards tha t ph ase in beg inning in 201 7 for cars, light- du ty t ruc ks, m edium -du ty passenger vehicles, and som e he avy-duty trucks, and Ti er 3 f uel sta ndards that require lower sulfur gasoline beginning in 201 7.  Heavy -duty engine an d vehic le greenho use gas (GH G) re gulations that ph ase in dur ing m od el years 201 4-2018 .  The secon d ph ase of light-du ty ve hic le GHG regu lations tha t ph ase in for m odel yea rs 20 17-202 5 cars and light trucks. MOVES 2014 a also includ es new an d upd ated em ission s da ta from a wide range of test p rogram s an d other sour ces. The most significant cha nge s includ e new effects of fuel p rope rties such as ga soline sulfur and etho anol, new data on evap orative em ission s from f uel leaks and from vehicles par ked for m ultiple days, new analysis of particulate 4ht t ps : / / ww w. f edera lreg ist er.go v /a rt ic les/ 2 0 16 / 0 5/ 0 4 /2 0 16 -0 9 7 29 / det erm inat io ns -of-a tt a inm ent -by-t he – a t t a inm ent – da t e -ext ensio ns -of-t he -a t t a inm ent -da t e -a nd#h -41 8 m atte r (PM) data related to PM spec iation an d temperature effects on running PM em issions and new real wor ld in-use em issions for heavy-duty ve hicles using data from portable em iss ion m onitor ing system s. MOVES 2014 a estim ates exha ust and evapo rative em ission s as well as brake and tire wear em iss ions from all typ es of on -road vehicles. MOVES20 14a also uses a vehicle class ification system based on the way veh icles are classified in the FHW A’s Highway Perform ance Monitoring Sys tem (HPMS). Other param eters inc lud e vehicle m iles 5 traveled (VM T) by vehic le and ro ad type , vehicle ho urs traveled (VH T) by veh icle and road type, the nu m ber of each typ e of vehicle in the fleet, veh icle age distribu tion , m od el year, t ravel spe ed, roadway type, fuel inform ation, m ete orological da ta, su ch as ambient tem perature an d hu m idit y, and ap plicable control m ea su res such as reform ulate d ga soline (RFG) and inspe ction and m aintena nce (I/M). Local inp uts were coop eratively develope d by CTDEEP and CTDOT, where ap plicable, using EPA 5 re comm end ed method s. Em iss ions are now tested against the establishe d eigh t-hour bu dge ts, which were developed jointly by CT DE EP and CTD OT, and found adequate by EPA on June 27, 2 008 . In No vem ber 20 12, EP A con firm ed by teleph one to CTDEEP that future con form ity det erm inations utilizing the MOVES201 0b model can be made by comparing e m iss ion results to the existing MOB ILE 6.2 bu dge ts for Ozo ne. Therefore, as the 200 9 MVE Bs are ad equat e ozon e precursor budge ts, this Air Qual ity C on form ity anal ysis will com pa re future year em iss ions to this ba se. Ve hicle Em iss ions Ozone Gro und level ozon e is a m ajor componen t of sm og. It is form ed by sunligh t and heat 5 “MOVES201 4 and MOVES2014a Techn ical Guidance: U s i ng MOV ES to Prepare Emiss ion Inventories for State Implementation Plans and T r a nsportation Conf o rmity”, EPA-420 -B-15-09 3, November 20 15 9 acting up on fuel com bustion products such as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbo ns. Ozo ne occurs naturally in the up per atmosph ere and shields the ear th from ultraviolet radiation . However, at ground level, ozon e is a se vere irritant. Because ozone form ation is directly related to atm ospheric tem pe ratures, problem atic ozone levels occur m ost frequently on hot summ er afternoo ns. Ozo ne exposure is linked to respiratory illnesses such as as thm a and lung inflamm ation and can exacerbate e xisting respiratory ailm ents. Ozo ne pollution can a lso se verely da m age veget at ion , including agricultural crops an d forest habitats. Nit rogen Oxides (NOx) Mob ile sou rce nitrogen oxides form whe n nitroge n and oxy gen atom s che mically react inside the high pre ss ur e and tempe rature cond itions in an en gine. Ni troge n oxides are precursors for ozon e and can also con tribu te to the forma tion of acidic rain. Hydro carbo ns or Volatile O rganic Co m poun ds (VOC) Hydr oc ar bon em ission s are a product of pa rtial fuel combustion , fuel evap or ation and ref ueling loss es caused by spillage an d vapor lea ka ge. VOC reacts with nitroge n oxides and sunlight to form ozon e. Carbon Mon oxide (CO) Carbon m ono xide is produced by the incomplete bu rning of carbon in fuels, including gasoline. High conc en tratio ns of CO occur along roadsi des in heavy traf fic, particularly at m ajor inter sections and in enclosed ar eas such as gara ges and poo rly ven tilate d tunn els. Peak concentrat ions occur dur ing the col der m on ths of the year whe n CO veh icular em iss ions are great er. O zone No nattainme nt Area s On Mar ch 27 , 200 8, EPA finalized new ozone standards which tight ened the stand ard to 0.075 parts per m illion (pp m ) from the previous, 19 97 ozon e standard of 0.0 8 pp m. 10 On May 21, 2012 , EP A finalized designa tions for this new ozone standard, effective July 20, 201 2. The nona ttainm ent areas ha ve chan ged un der the latest 200 8 ground-level ozon e eigh t-ho ur stand ard. The Conn ecticut portion of the New Yor k-Northern New Je rsey-Long Isla nd Non attainment Ar ea (Fairfield, New Ha ve n an d Middles ex counties) a n d the Gre ater Con necticut Ar ea (Hartford, New Londo n, Tollan d, W indham and Litch field coun ties) ha ve been designate d as Mod er ate Non attainm ent areas, effective Jun e 3, 201 6. Figure 1 below shows the two Moderate Non attainment areas in Con necticut. Fig ure 1: Conne ctic ut Ozone Nonat tainment Areas and PM2.5 Attainmen t/Maintenance Area 11 CO No natta inm ent Area s There were form er ly three CO Non attainment Areas in the state. These were the Southwest portion of the state, the greater New Ha ven area, an d the greater Ha rtford area. The rem ainder of the state was in attainm ent for CO. At tainm en t was de m onstrated in each of these ar eas an d, subsequently, they were designa ted as Full Maintena nce areas. On Septe m ber 13 , 2004 , EPA approved a CTDEEP sub m ittal for a SIP revision for re-design at ion of these areas to Lim ited Maintena nce Plan status, thus elim ina ting the nee d for bud get testing. Effecti ve Ja nuary 2, 201 6, the Gre ater Hartford Area was in full attai nament status. In the future, “hot-spo t” ca rbo n m onoxide analyses will be perform ed to satisfy “project level” conformity det erm inations. Figure 2 below shows the CO attainm ent/maintena nce areas in Conne cticut. Fig ure 2: Conne cticut Carbo n Mono xide Maintenac e and Attainme nt Area s 12 Con for m ity Test s Un der the Con form ity Rules, the following test for VOC/NOx must be m et:  TES T 1 For VOC an d NOx, transpor tation em ission s from the Action Scen ar ios m ust be less t han the 200 9 transpo rtat ion em iss ion budgets if analysis year is 2009 or later. As the CO areas have be en ap proved by EPA for Lim ited Maintena nce Plan status, no t ests for CO are required. The ACTION SCE NARIO is the future tran sportat ion sys tem that will result from full i mplem entation of the Transpo rtation Im provem en t Programs (TIP) and Long Range Transportat ion Plans (LRTP ). VOC/NOx em iss ion an alysis was con ducted for summ er con ditions and for the following yea rs:  2009 (eigh t-hour MVE B yea r)  2018 (New Attainment year and near term an alysis year)  2025 (Interim m od eling year)  2035 (Interim m od eling year)  2040 (Long Range Transportation Pl an hor izon year) At this time, the following eight -hour em ission budgets have been appro ved by EPA for use in this con form ity an alysis: 1. In 200 9 and subseque nt years, VOC in the Con necticut portion of the New York- Northern New Jerse y-Long Islan d Moderate Non attainm ent area must be less than 27.4 tons per summer da y. 2. In 200 9 and sub se que nt year s, NOx in the Conn ecticut portion of the New 13 York- Northern New Jerse y-Long Islan d Moderate Non attainment area m ust be less than 54.6 tons per summer da y. 3. In 2017 and subseq uen t years, VOC in the Greater Conn ecticut Moderate Non attainm ent area m ust be less than 15.9 tons per summer day. 4. In 2017 and subseq uen t years, NOx in the Greater Connecticut Moderate Non attainment area m ust be less than 22.2 tons per summer day. Inte ragency Con sul tat ion An Intera gency Consultation Mee ting was held on February 7 , 2017 to ad dress the need to prep are an Air Quality De term ination Anal ysis for these TIP am end m en ts. All Metrop olitan Planning Or ga nization s (MPO ’s), rural COGs, FHW A, FTA, EP A, and CTDEEP were invited to review and comm ent on the project’s Air Quality codi ng, analysis years to be m od eled , and comm ents on the latest plann ing ass um ptions to be utilized for this con form ity. The project Air Quality coding is as follows: CC – Con form ity An alysis Com pleted M – Mod eled in the Dep ar tmen t’s highway or tra nsit networks NM – Re quires m odeling and will be inclu de d into the Dep artm en t’s highway and tra nsit net works pr ior to conformity analysis NR S –a highway or tra nsit project on a faci lity that do es not ser ve re gional needs or is not normally inclu ded in the region al travel sim ulat ion m odel and does no t fit into an exem pt project category in Tab le 2 or 3 of the Final Rule (40 CFR 93). RS – Re gionally Si gnifican t refers to a tran sportat ion project in the TIP and /or STIP ( other tha n an exem pt pro ject) that is on a facility which ser ves re gion al transpo rtation nee ds such as access to an d from the area outside of the re gion , m ajor a ctivity ce nters in the re gion s, m ajor planne d develop ment such as new ret ail m alls, sports complexes, etc., or transportation term inals as well as m ost term inals t hem selves) and would norm ally be inc luded in the modeling of a m etropolitan a rea’s transpor tation net work, inclu ding at a m inim um all pr incipal arterial highways and all fixed guid e-way tra nsit faci lities that offer an alternati ve 14 to re gion al highway t ravel (40 CFR 93.10 1). Once a pro ject is iden tified as region ally significa nt, it must be included in the an alysis re gardless of funding sour ce. Exem pt Project – a pro ject listed in Ta ble 2 or 3 of the Final Rule (40 CFR 93) that pr im ar ily en han ces safety or ae sthetics, m aintains mass transit, cont inu es curren t le vels of rideshar ing, or b uilds bicycle and ped estrian faci lities . X6 – Project exempt from the requ irem ent to det erm ine conform ity und er 40 CFR 93.12 6 X7 – Project exem pt form regional em iss ions anal ysis re quirements under 40 CFR 93.12 7 X8 – Traffic synchr onization projects may be ap proved , funde d and implem ented without satisfying con formity re quirem ents un der 40 CFR 93.12 8 It was agreed upo n that the 201 1 vehic le reg ist ration dat a file wou ld be utilized for this Con form ity De termi nation and CTDEEP and CTDOT staff would discuss up date of this file. A copy of the Interagency Co nsultat ion Meeting m inut es is include d in Appen dix A. The final em ission s an alys is was pre pared an d the rep ort was distributed for the 30 day public comm ent per iod . Public Con sultat ion As re qu ire d by the Final Rule, the transportation con form ity proce ss m ust include public consultation on the em iss ions an alysis and conform ity determ ina tion for Ozon e determ ina tions. This includes post ing of relevan t docum en tation and analysis on a “clea ringho use” webpag e m ainta ined through the interagen cy con su ltation process. All MPOs in the Conn ecticut Ozon e Non attainm ent areas m ust provide thirty day public comm en t per iods and address any comm ents rec eived. For this Ozo ne transportat ion con form ity de term ination, all Con necticut MPOs will hold a thirty day public comm ent per iod. 15 VM T and Em iss ions Estim ates VMT estimates were developed from CTDOT’s statewide net work -based travel m odel. The 2015 travel mode l n e t w o r k , to the extent practical, represen ts all state highways and m ajor conne cting non-state str eets an d roads, as well as the ra il, loc al bus, and express es bus sys tems that cur rently exist. Future highway net works for 2018 , 202 0, 2025 an d 2030 and trans it ne twor ks for 2018, 2020 , 203 0 and 2040 were built by adding Sta tewide Transportat ion Improvem ent Program (STIP), TIP and LRTP projects (p rogramm ed for open ing after 201 7) to the 2017 network year. Th ese networ ks were used to run travel m od els and cond uct em iss ions an alysis for the years 2018, 2025 , 2035 , an d 2040 . Projects for each m odel an alysis year for which net work chan ges were re quired are sho wn on Table 2 as follows: 16 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES 2018 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0131 -0190 Remove Bridge Number 00518 Reconstruct 10/322 Intersecti on 1/1 0/0 ROUTE 10 SOUTHINGTON CCD 11/2017, TIP BRIDGE REMOVAL GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -TMP1 Realignment of Lafayette Circle and establishment of bidirectional traffic on Fairfield Avenue 0/1 1/1 LAFAYETTE C IRCLE BRIDGEPORT CCD 2017, TIP REALIGNMENT 0036 -0184 Main Street Derby from Bridge Street to Route 8 South Exit15 On/Off Ramps (Ausonio Street) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 34 DERBY CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0034 -0347 State Route 806 (Newtown Road) from Old Newtown to Plumtrees & from Eagle to Industrial Plaza, Danbury – Widening from 1 lane each direction to 2 lanes each direction 1/1 2/2 SR 806 NEWTOWN ROAD DANBUR Y CCD 2016, TIP SOUTH CENTRAL 0079 -XXXX Multiple lane and directional changes in the center of town. Conversion of multiple one way streets to two ways. Conversion of a two way street to one way. Reduction of one lane in eac h direction for one street CCD 2018, TIP VARIOUS WEST MAIN STREET MERIDEN DIRECTIONAL AND LANE CHANGES 17 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2018 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENTRAL (CONT’D) 0092 -0531 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract E 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 201 6, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 0092 -0532 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract B 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 2016, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 0092 -0627 Q Bridge Replacement and demolition; Contract B2 3/3 5/5 I-95 CCD 2016, TIP NEW HAVEN BRIDGE REPLACEMENT 0092 -XXXX Removal of North Frontage Road between State Street & Orange Street 1/1 0/0 NORTH FRONTAGE ROAD NEW HAVEN CCD 2016, TIP ROADWAY REMOVAL 0100 -0175 Project to widen Sackett Point Road from 1 lane to 2 lanes CCD 2018, TIP 1/1 2/2 SACKETT POINT ROAD NORTH HAVEN WIDENING 18 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2018 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH WESTERN 0102 -0325 Addition of a through lane on Route 1 Northbound from France Street to Route 53 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 NORWALK CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING 0135 -0301 Reconstruction of I -95 off ramps and Atla ntic Street in vicinity of Metro North Railroad Bridge No. 08012R 2/2 3/3 ATLANTIC STREET STAMFORD WIDENING CCD 2018, TIP GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0138 -0211 Addition of a through lane on Route 1 Southbound from Nob el Street to Soundview Avenue 1/2 2/2 ROUTE 1 STRATFORD CCD 2018, TIP WIDENING CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0017 -0182 Addition of a second through lane on Route 6 Eastbound from Carol Drive (Mix Street /Brook Street) to Peggy Lane (Camp Street) 1/1 2/1 ROUTE 6 BRISTOL WIDENING CCD 2018, TIP 19 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2020 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0051 -0259 Interchange improvements at Routes 4, 6, and 9 including a new EB C/D Roadway N/A I84/RT4/RT6 FARMINGTON CCD 2019, TIP INTERCHANGE BSWY 0063 -0703 Relocation and Reconfiguration of Inter change 29 on I-91; New additional lanes Rte. 15 NB from 2 to 3 lanes exit 90 to 0.5 miles beyond Exit 91 3/3 4/3 I-91, EXIT 29 HARTFORD WIDENING CCD 2020 Long Range Plan 0155 -0156 Add an Operational Lane WB between Interchanges 42 & 39A; Add an Operational Lane EB between Interchanges 40 & 41 CCD 2018 3/3 4/4 I-84 WEST HARTFORD OPERATIONAL LANES CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0151 -0273 Interstate 84 2/2 3/3 I-84 CCD 11/2020, TIP WATERBURY WIDENING 0151 -XXXX TIGER Grant includes various roadway changes including reconstruction/extension of Jackson Street. Extension will meet at Freight Street an d continue to West Main N/A 1/1 DOWNTOWN AREA WATERBURY ADDED ROADWAY CCD 2019, Long Range Plan 20 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2020 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -HXXX Reconstruct and widen Route 130 from Stratford Avenue bridge to Yellow Mill br idge 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 130 BRIDGEPORT Long Range Plan WIDENING 0124 -0165 **As of 2/15/2011current scope from consultant is spot improvements for from Swan Avenue to Franklin Street Project Manager* * Bank Street from West Street to North Main St is full scope being reviewed by consultant 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 67 SEYMOUR MAJOR WIDENING Long Range Plan 0124 -XXXX Between Interchange 22 and 23 to improve a ccess N/A ROUTE 8 Long Range Plan SEYMOUR INTERCHANGE 0124 -XXXX Realign interchange with new extension of Derby Road N/A ROUTE 8 SEYMOUR Long Range Plan INTERCHANGE 0126 -XXXX Int erchan ge 11 – Construct new SB entrance ramp, Widen Bridgeport Avenue N/A ROUTE 8 SHELTON Long Range Plan MAJOR WIDENING 21 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2020 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT GREATER BRIDGEPORT (CONT’D) 0126 -XXXX Between Huntin gton Avenue and Constitution Boulevard 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 714 SHELTON Long Range Plan MAJOR WIDENING NEW MPO 0138 -0248 Recon struct Intercha nge 33 on I -95 to provide full interchange from partial to full diamond interchange N/A I-95, EXIT 33 STRATFORD INTERCHANGE RECONSTRUCTION CCD 2020, Long Range Plan HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0008 -XXXX Operational Improvemen ts on White Street at Locust Avenue and Eighth Avenue 1/1 1/2 WHITE STREET DANBURY CCD 2020, Long Range Plan WIDENING 0096 -0204 Addition of a through lane on Route 34 EB from Wasserman Way to Toddy Hill Road. Addition of I-84 WB and EB on -ramp from Route 34 WB 1/1 2/1 ROUTE 34 NEWTOWN WIDENING CCD 2020, TIP SOUTH CENTRAL 0092 -XXXX Intersection Impr ovements at Route 69 and Pond Lily Avenue N/A ROUTE 69 NEW HAVEN Long Range Pl an INTERSECTION IMPROVEMENTS 22 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2025 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION 0042 -0317 Removal of the Cambridge Street to Route 2 Westbound On -Ramp and the Sutton Avenue to Route 2 Eastbound Off -Ramp. New through lane on Main Street No rthbound underneath Route 2 at the approach to the Route 2 Westbound Off -Ramp 0/1 0/2 ROUTE 2 EAST HARTFORD WIDENING CCD 2021, TIP 0055 -0142 Addition of a second through lane on Route 20/189 Westbound from Route 10/202 to Route 20 and Route 189 split. Addition of a second through lane on Route 20 Westbound from Hungary Road to Route 10/202. Addition of a second through lane on Route 10/202 Northbound from Route 189 to Route 20/189. VARIOUS ROUTE 10 & 202 GRANBY WIDENING CCD 2022, TIP LOWER CT RIVER VALLEY 0082 -0316 Reconfiguration and realignment of Route 17 On – Ramp onto Route 9 from Main Street. Removal of the Harbor Drive to Route 9 Northbound On -Ramp N/A ROUT E 17 MIDDLETOWN INTERCHANGE RECONFIGURATION CCD 2025, TIP 0082 -0318 Removal of a through lane on Route 9 Southbound from just North of Miller Street to just South of Washington Street. Route 9 access to Washington Street/De Koven Drive has been limited to an on – ramp to Route 9 Southbound. N/A ROUTE 9 MIDDLETOWN REMOVE LANE CCD 2021, TIP 23 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2025 NETWORK CHAN GES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTHEASTERN Addition of a second through lane on Route 85 Northbound from just North of Chesterfield Road to just South of Deer Run. CCD 2024, TIP 1/1 2/1 0120 -0079 ROUTE 85 MONTVILLE WIDENING SOUTH WESTERN 0102 -0358 Reconfiguration of the interchanges between Route 7, Ro ute 15, and Main Avenue. These changes include multiple new and reconfigured on and off ramps designed to allow access to and from all three major roadways CCD 2025, TIP N/A ROUTE 7 AND ROUTE 15 NORWALK INTERCHANGE RECONFIGURATI ON 24 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2028 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTHEASTERN ROUTE 82 Removal of a through lane on Route 82 Eastbound from just West of Pine Street to just West of Fairmont Street N/A NORWICH REMOVE LANE CCD 2027, TIP 25 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWOR K CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT CAPITAL REGION VARIOUS T OWNS New Haven/Hartford/Springfield Rail Service Governor’s Transportation Initiative Long Range Plan N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL 0109 -XXXX New Britain Avenue Cooke Street to Ho oker Street 1/1 2/2 PLAINVILLE Long Range Plan ADD LANE VARIOUS TOWNS New Haven/Hartford/Springfield Rail Service Governor’s Transportation Initiative Long Range Plan N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL CENTRAL NAUGATUCK VALLEY 0080 -0128 Add auxiliary lanes at Int. 17 and on Routes 63/64 CCD 2030 1/1 2/2 I-84, Routes 63 -64 Long Range Plan MIDDLEBURY/WATERBURY WIDENING GREA TER BRIDGEPORT 0036 -0179 Interchange 18 – Construct New NB entrance ramp. N/A ROUTE 8 Long Range Plan ANSONIA INTERCHANGE 26 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT GREATER BRIDGEPORT (CONT’D) 0036 -XXXX Route 8 Interchange 16 and 17; Construct new NB ramps. Close old ramps N/A ROUTE 8 DERBY Long Range Plan INTERCHANGE 0126 -XXXX Interchange 14 – Constru ct new SB entrance ramp N/A ROUTE 8 Long Range Plan SHELTON INTERCHANGE HOUSATONIC VALLEY 0018 -0124 South of Old State Road to Route 133 1/1 2/2 US 202 Long Range Pla n BROOKFIELD WIDENING 0034 -0288 From Kenosia Avenue easterly to I -84 (Exit 4) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 6 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX From I -84 (Exit 2) East to Kenosia Av enue 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 6 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX From Route I -84 (Exit 6) Northerly to Jeanette Street Long Range Plan 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 37 DANBURY ADD LANES 27 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NA ME TOWN IMPROVEMENT HOUSATONIC VALLEY (CONT’D) 0034 -XXXX Between Interchanges 3 and 4. Between Interc hanges 12 and 13 3/3 4/4 I-84 DANBURY, NEWTOWN, SOUTHBURY Long Range Plan ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX Widen Kenosia Avenue from Backus Avenue to Vicinity of Lake Kenosia 1/1 2/2 DANBURY ADD LANES Long Range Plan 0034 -XXXX Widen Backus Avenue from Kenosia Avenue to Miry Brook Road 1/1 2/2 DANBURY ADD LANES Long Range Plan 0034 -XXXX From South Street northerly to Boughton Street; 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 53 Long Range Plan DANBURY ADD LANES 0034 -XXXX From Route 53 (Main Street) northerly to I -84 (Exit 6) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 37 DANBURY Long Range Plan ADD LANES 0096 -XXXX New Road across Old Fairfield Hills H ospital Campus, From Route 6 South to Route 860 0/0 1/1 NEWTOWN NEW ROAD Long Range Plan ADD LANES 28 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENTRAL 0014 -XXXX East Haven Town Line to Alps Road (Echlin Road Private) 2/2 2/3 ROUT E 1 BRANFORD Long Range Plan WIDENING 0014 -XXXX Route 146 to Cedar Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX Cedar Street to East Main 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Lo ng Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX East Main to 1 -95 Exit 55 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0014 -XXXX I-95 Exit 55 to Leetes Island Road 1/1 1/2 RO UTE 1 Long Range Plan BRANFORD WIDENING 0059 -XXXX Bullard Road extension to Route 77 0/0 1/1 BULLARD RD Long Range Plan GUILFORD WIDENING 29 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENTRAL (CONT’D ) 0059 -XXXX State Street to Tanner Marsh Road 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan GUILFORD WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Washington Avenue to Route 40 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDEN ING 0061 -XXXX Route 40 to Todd Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Todd Street to Shepard Avenue 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WID ENING 0061 -XXXX River Street to Cheshire Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 10 Long Range Plan HAMDEN WIDENING 0061 -XXXX Olds Street (Hamden) to Sackett Point Road 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 Long Range Plan HAMDEN, NORTH HAVEN WIDENING 30 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHW AY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENTRAL (CONT’D) 0073 -XXXX New Rail Station near Salemme Lane in Orange N/A ORANGE CCD 2030 Long Range Plan NEW RAIL STATION 0079 -XXXX Walling ford Town Line to Olive Street (Route 71) 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 Long Range Plan MERIDEN WIDENING 0083 -XXXX From West of Old Gate Lane to Gulf Street/Clark Street to Route 1 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 MILFORD Long Range Pla n WIDENING 0092 -0649 Long Wharf access Plan Widen I -95 (in separate project), Eliminate Long Wharf Drive to expand park, add new road from Long Wharf Drive Long Range Plan VARIES NEW HAVEN 0092 -XXXX From Route 63 to Landin Street 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 69 Long Range Plan NEW HAVEN, WOODBRIDGE WIDENING 0092 -XXXX From Dayton Street (NH) to Landin Street (Wdbg) 1/2 2/3 ROUTE 63 Long Range Plan NEW HAVEN, WOODBRIDGE WIDENING 31 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENTRAL (CONT’D) 0098 -XXXX From East Haven Town Line to Doral Farms Road and Route 22 to Guilford Town Line 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 80 NORTH BRANFORD Long Range Plan WIDENING 0106 -XXXX From West Haven Town Line to US 1 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan ORANGE WIDENING 0148 -XXXX From South Orchard Street. to Ward Street and Christian Road to Meriden Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 5 WALLINGFORD Long Range Plan ROUTE 5 0148 -XXXX From Route 71 overpass South of Old Colon y Road to Route 68 1/1 1/2 ROUTE 150 WALLINGFORD Long Range Plan ROUTE 5 0156 -XXXX Route 1 to Elm Street 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 122 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 0156 -XXXX Campbell Avenue to Orange Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 1 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 32 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH CENT RAL (CONT’D) 0156 -XXXX Elm Street to Greta Street 2/2 2/3 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING 0156 -XXXX Bull Hill Ln to Orange Town Line 1/1 2/2 ROUTE 162 Long Range Plan WEST HAVEN WIDENING VARIOUS TOWNS New Haven/Hartford/Springfield Rail Service Governor’s Transportation Initiative Long Range Plan N/A NEW COMMUTER RAIL SOUTH WESTERN 0035 -XXXX Add Lane from Stamford Exit 8 to Darien Exit 10, Operational Lane 3/3 4/4 I-95 Darien -Stamford Long Range Plan WIDENING 0102 -0269 Upgrade to full interchange at Merritt Parkway (Route 15) BID 01 -09 -08 N/A US 7/RT 15 NORWALK CCD 2030, Long Ra nge Plan UPGRADE EXPRESSWAY 0102 -0297 East Avenue from the vicinity of the I -95 Ramps southerly to the vicinity of Van Zant Street 1/1 2/2 EAST AVE #1 NORWALK Long Range Plan WIDENING 33 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2030 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT SOUTH WESTERN (CO NT’D) 0102 -0312 Reconstruction of Interchange 40 Merritt Parkway and Route 7 (Main Avenue). Breakout of 0102 -0269 Phase 1 N/A ROUTE 7/15 NORWALK UPGRADE EXPRESSWAY CCD 2030, Long Range Plan 0102 -XXXX Express Bus/BRT between Norwalk and Greenwich N/A NORWALK -GREENWICH Long Range Plan BRT 34 TABLE 2 LIST OF NETWORK CHANGES (CONT’D) 2040 NETWORK CHANGES NEW MPO DESCRIPTION LANES PROJECT NUMBER FROM TO HIGHWAY NAME TOWN IMPROVEMENT GREATER BRIDGEPORT 0015 -XXXX New Rail Station near Barnum Street in Bridgeport N/A NEW RAIL STATION CCD 2040 Long Range Plan 35 In ad dition, the travel m od el incorporates the effect of the Em ployer Comm ute Option s (ECO) Program in S ou thwest Conn ecticut (part of the Conne cticut Portion of the NY-NJ- LI Mar ginal Nona ttainm ent area). In respon se to federal legislation, Conn ecticut has restructured the ECO Program to empha size voluntary participat ion, combine d with pos itive incentives, to encourage em ployee s to rides hare, use transit, and con tinue to expa nd their trip re du ction activities. This pro gram has bee n m ad e available to all employer s. It is felt that this pr oc ess is an effective m ea ns of achieving Co nnecticut’s cle an air tar gets. Funding for this effort un der the Congestion Mitiga tion and Air Quality Impro vem ents (CMAQ) Pro gram is incl uded in the TIP for FY 201 8-20 21 . It is esti m ated that this program , if fully successf ul, cou ld redu ce Ve hicle Miles of Travel (VM T) an d mobi le source VOC em issions by two percent in So uthwestern Con necticut. It sho uld be noted that TIP an d LRTP projects which have ne gligible impact on trip distribu tion and/or highway capac ity have not bee n incorporated into the network. These inc lud e, but are not lim ited to, geo m etric impro vem ents of exist ing interchan ges, short secti ons of climbing lanes, inter section improvem ents, and trans it projects dealing with equipm ent for exist ing facilities and vehicles, an d tra nsit op erating assistance. Essen tially, tho se p rojects that do no t im pact the tra vel dem an d forecasts are not included in the net works and /or analysis. The ne twor k-ba sed travel mode l used for this ana lysis is the mo de l that CTDOT utilizes for tra nspo rtation plann ing , program m ing and design requiremen ts. This travel de m and m ode l uses de mogr aph ic an d lan d use ass um ption s ba sed on the 201 0 Cen sus popu lation an d Con ne cticut Depa rtmen t of Labo r 20 10 em ploym en t estim ate s. Popu lation an d employm en t projection s for the yea rs 2020 , 203 0 an d 204 0 were de velope d by the Conne cticut Depa rtm en t of Tran spo rtat ion , Travel Dem an d an d Air Qua lity Mode ling Unit and app roved by all the regiona l plann ing agencies in ea rly 2012 . The mo de l uses a constraine d equilibr ium app roa ch to allocate trips amon g links. The model was calibra ted using 20 13 grou nd counts an d 201 3 Highway Pe rforma nce Mon itoring System (HPMS) Veh icle Miles of Travel data. 36 Pea k hour dire ctional traffic volum es were estima ted as a pe rcen tage of the ADT on a link by link ba sis . Based on autom atic traffic recorde r dat a, 9.0 pe rcen t, 8.5 percent, 8.0 pe rcent and 7.5 percent of the Average Daily Traffic (ADT) occ urs dur ing the fou r high est hours of the day. A 55:45 directional split was assum ed . Hou rly volum es were then converted to Service Flow Le vels (SFL) an d Volum e to Capa city (V/ C) ratios calculated as follows:  SFL = DH V/PHF* N  VC = SFL / C whe re:  DH V = Directiona l Hourly Vo lume  PHF = Peak Hou r Factor = .9  N = Numb er of lane s  C = Capa city of lane Pea k period speeds were estima ted from the 200 0 Hi ghway Capa city Manua l ba sed on the de sign spe ed, facili ty class , are a type an d the calculated V/ C ratio. On the express way system , Conne cticut-ba sed free flow speed data was available. This data was deem ed more appropr iate an d supe rseded the cap acity manual spe ed value s. The express way free flow spee ds were updated in 200 5. For the off-peak hours, tra ffic volum e is no t the con trolling factor for veh icl e speed. Off- pea k link spee ds were based on the Hi ghway Cap acity Ma nual free flow spe eds as a function of facil ity class an d are a type. As be fore , Conne cticut-ba sed speed dat a was substituted for expressway facili ties and was updated in 20 05. Two spe cial cases exist in the mo deling process: cen troid con nectors an d intrazona l trips.  Centroid conn ectors represen t the local road s used to gain access to the m od el network f rom cen ters of activity in ea ch traffic analysis zone (TAZ). A speed of 25 37 m ph is assum ed for these links .  Intrazona l trips are trips tha t are too short to get on to the m ode l networ k. VMT for intrazonal trips is calculated based on the size of each individual TAZ. A speed of 20 to 24 mph is assum ed for the pea k pe riod an d 25 to 29 mph for the off–pe ak pe riod. The Daily Vehicle Mil es of Travel (DVMT) is calculated using a method ology ba sed on disaggregate spe ed, converted to sum mer an d winter VMTs, an d summa rized by Nonattainm ent area, functiona l class, and spe ed. The VMT and spee d pro files develope d by this process are then comb ine d with the em ission factors fro m the MOVES2014a model to produce em iss ion estim ates for ea ch sc ena rio and tim e fram e. The MOV ES 201 4a input an d output dat a may be found in the Append ices. Tab le 3 on the following pa ge sho ws the 20 18 thro ugh 20 40 Action Emissi ons an d Eight- Hou r Budge ts for Volatile Org an ic Com pou nds (VO C), an d Ni troge n Ox ide s (N Ox) resulting from this process. 38 TABL E 3 VM T – OZONE EM ISSIONS – SIP BU DGETS Series 31C Year Oz one Area Series 31 C Bu dg ets Differen ce VOC NOX VOC NOX VOC NOX 2018 CT Portion of NY-NJ-LI Area 16.56 22.39 27 .40 54 .60 -10.84 -32.21 Gre ater CT Portion 15 .07 19. 74 26.3 0 49 .20 -11.2 3 -29.46 2025 CT Portion of NY-NJ-LI Area 12.33 13 .26 27 .40 54 .60 -15.07 -41.34 Gre ater CT Portion 11 .38 11 .86 26.3 0 49 .20 -14.92 -37 .34 2035 CT Portion of NY-NJ-LI Area 7.26 7.86 27 .40 54 .60 -20.14 -46.74 Gre ater CT Portion 6.65 6.91 26.3 0 49 .20 -19.65 -42 .29 2040 CT Portion of NY-NJ-LI Area 6.68 7.35 27 .40 54 .60 -20.7 2 -47.25 Gre ater CT Portion 6.15 6.48 26.3 0 49 .20 -20 .15 -42 .72 No te: 1 A small redu ction in the Gr ea ter Connecticut area will occur from the EC O program in the Connecticut portion of the NY-NJ-LI due to travel betwe en the areas. 2 VOC & N OX em issions are in tons per summer day and are calculated using Connecticut’s veh icle mix. 3 HPM S 14 Functional Class system used. 4 Na tional Low Em iss ion Ve hicl e (N LEV) program included in 2008 and all future years. 5 Eight Hou r Oz one emissi on budgets effective June 27, 2008 6 Series 31 C with 20 iteration equi librium assignmen t. 39 In the NY -NJ -LI portion, the tran sportation program an d plan meet the required con form ity test:  Action yea r em issions are less than approved 200 9 budge ts for VO X/NOx In the Greater Connecticut area, the transportation program and plan meet the required conformity test:  Action year emissions are less than approved 2017 budgets for VOX/NOx This analysis in no way re flects the full bene fit on air quality from the tran spo rtation plan an d progra m . The ne twork-ba sed m ode ling pr ocess is capable of assess ing the impa ct of m ajor ne w highway or tran sit service. It does no t reflect the im pact from the m an y projects which are categorically exclud ed from the requiremen t of conformity. These projects include num ero us impr oveme nts to intersection s, which will allow tra ffic to flow m ore effici en tly, thu s red ucing de lay, fuel usage an d em iss ions. The prog ram also includes a significant numb er of miles of resurfacing. Stud ies have shown that smoo th pa vemen t reduces fuel con sump tion and the attendan t CO an d VO C em issions. Includ ed in the TIP bu t no t reflected in this analysis are m any projects to m aintain existing rail and bus systems. W ithou t the se projects, those system s could no t offe r a high level of service. W ith the m, the mass transit system s function more efficiently, with imp roved safet y, and provide a more depe ndab le an d aesthetically appe aling service. These advantages will retain existing patro ns an d att ract ad ditional riders to the system . The technology to quantify the air qua lity be ne fits fro m these program s is no t currently availab le. As shown in this ana lys is, transpo rtation em issi ons are decli ning dram atically an d will continue to do so. This is primarily du e to prog ram s such as reform ulated fue ls, enh an ced inspe ction an d m ainten ance (I/M) program s, stage two vapor recover y (area sou rce), and th e low em iss ions veh icles (LEV ) progra m . MOVES 2014 a inc lude s three new em ission con trol program s ass ociate d with regulat ion p rom ulgate d since the re lease of MOV ES2010 b: 40  Tier 3 em ission standards tha t ph ase in beg inning in 201 7 for cars, light-du ty t ruc ks, m edium -du ty passenger vehicles, and som e he avy-duty trucks, and Tier 3 f uel sta ndards that require lower sulfur gasoline beginning in 201 7.  Heavy -duty engine an d vehic le greenho use has (GH G) re gulations that ph ase in dur ing m od el years 201 4-2018 .  The secon d ph ase of light-du ty ve hic le GHG regu lations tha t ph ase in for m odel yea rs 20 17-202 5 cars and light trucks. Changes in the tran spo rtation syst em will no t produce significant emiss ion red uctions because of the m ass ive existing rail, bus, highway system s, and land de velopmen t alre ad y in place. Change in these aspects is usually marg inal, pro ducing ver y sm all impa cts . PM 10 EP A previously design ated the City of New Haven as Nona ttainm en t with res pect to the Natio nal Am bie nt Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for par ticulate m atter with a nom inal diamet er of ten m icron s or less (P M10). The PM10 No nattainment status in New Ha ven was a local probl em stemm ing from activities of several bus inesses loc ated in the Stiles Stre et section of the City. Num erous violations in the late 198 0’s and early 199 0’s of Section 22a-17 4-18 (Fugitive Dust) of CTDEEP re gulation s in that section of the city led to a nona ttainm ent de signa tion (CTDEEP, 19 94: Na rrative Conne cticut Departm ent of E ner gy and Environ mental Protection , Stat e Imp lem entation Plan Re vision For PM10, Mar ch 19 94 ). Cor recti ve acti ons were subsequently identified in the Stat e Im plem ent at ion Plan an d im plemente d, with no violations of the PM10 NAAQS since the m id-19 90’s. All construction acti vities un dertaken in the City of New Ha ve n are required to be p erform ed in com pliance with Secti on 22 a-17 4-18 (Control of Particulate “Em issions”) of the CTDEE P re gulations. All reasonable availab le con trol m easures 41 m ust be implem ented during constructi on to m itigate particulate matter em iss ions, including wind-blown fugitive du st, m ud an d dirt carry out, and re-entrain ed fugitive em iss ion from m obi le equipm en t. The projects con taine d in the STIP and Plans, de signa ted within the Ci ty of New Haven, are expected to ha ve little effe ct on the overall projected veh icle m iles of travel for the area an d are no t expe cted to cause significan t additional airbo rne pa rticulate matter to be gene rated. The tran spo rtation projects initiated in New Haven are no t designe d to en han ce de velopme nt in the are a. There fore, the projects unde rtaken in this are a will no t have a det rime ntal effect on PM10 in New Haven. On Octob er 13 , 20 05, EPA pub lished in the Federal Register (Vo l. 70, No. 19 7), ap proval of a request by CTDEEP for a Lim ited Maintenan ce Plan and rede signation of the New Haven Non attainm en t Are a to Att ainmen t for the Nationa l Amb ien t Air Qua lity Standards f or PM10. This dire ct final rule be cam e effective on Decemb er 12, 20 05. As with lim ited m aintena nce plans for other pollutan ts, em iss ions bu dge ts are considered to sat isfy transpor tation con form ity’s “bu dge t test”. However, future “proje ct level” conformity determ ination may re quire “hot spot” PM10 analys es for new transpo rtation projects with significant diesel traf fic in acco rda nce with EPA’s Final Ru le for “P M2.5 and PM10 Hot-Sp ot An alys es in Projec t-level Transportation Con form ity Rule P M2.5 an d PM10 Am end m ents; Final Rule (75 FR 4260 , March 24, 20 10) which became effective on Apr il 23 , 20 10. PM 2.5 In Decem ber of 20 04, EPA sign ed the final rulema king not ice to de signa te atta inme nt and Nonattainm ent are as with respect to the Fine Pa rticles (PM2.5) National Amb ien t Air Quality Stan da rds, becom ing effective Ap ril 5, 200 5. In Conn ecticut, Fairfield and New Haven counties are include d in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Lon g Island, NY-NJ – CT PM2.5 Nona ttainmen t area. Tran sportation plans an d transportation imp rovemen t program s (TIPS ) for the tri-state nona ttainmen t are a 42 were foun d to be collectively con form ing as of Novembe r 2006 . On Jun e 20 , 200 7, PM2.5 bud gets were foun d to be adequ ate for the ea rly progr ess SIP. As EPA New England has determine d the MOVES 201 0b 201 7 an d 202 5 m otor vehicle em iss ions bu dge ts sub m itted on June 22, 2012 to be ade quate for transportation con form ity purposes and effective as of February 20, 20 13. On Se ptem ber 24 , 20 13, EPA publishe d its approval of the PM2.5 redesigna tion req uest, est ablishing October 24, 20 13 as the effective da te of redesi gnat ion to attainment/maintena nce for Con necticut’s portion of the NY-NJ-T Area for bot h the 199 7 annu al and 24 -hours PM2.5 NAAQ S. The PM2.5 Conform ity Sub m ittal is a sepa rate do cum ent which currently include s da ta specific to Conne cticut’s five MPO ’s containe d in tha t attainmen t/ma intenan ce area. O the r Pl an ning Documen ts The ena ction of Se ction 81 of Con ne cticut Public Act 13-27 7 repea led Section 13b- 15 of the Connecticut General Statutes, no longer mandating a bien nial Master Tra nspo rtation Plan effective July 1, 2013. The Dep artment’s Capital Plan has be en expand ed to includ e much of the project inform ation that was formerly include d in the MTP. In ad dition, the Existing Systems docum ent and the Statewide Lon g Ran ge Tra nsportation Plan contain othe r information that was includedin various MTPs. Tran sportation Pl anning W ork Pr og ram CTDOT’s FY 20 17 -201 8 Tran sportation Plan ning W ork Pro gram contains a description of all planning efforts (inc luding those related to air qua lity) to be spo nsored or undertaken with federal assistance during FY 2017 and 2018. Inclu ded with this p rogram are several tasks directly related to CTD OT’s responsibilities un der C on necticut’s SI P for Air Quality. Additional functions, such as those sup po rting the p repa ration of pro ject level co nform ity an alysis, are fund ed un der project related tasks . This work program is available at CTDOT for review. 43 Con clusions CTDOT ha s assessed its com pliance with the applic able conform ity criteria requiremen ts of the 199 0 CAAA. Based up on this analysis , it is con clud ed tha t all elem ents of CTDOT’s tra nspo rtation program an d the Regional Long -Range Tra nspo rtation Plan s conform to applicab le SIP and 199 0 CAAA Con formity Gu idance criteria an d the ap proved tra nspo rtation conform ity bud gets. In add ition to the informa tion required for a confor m ity de termina tion , the following is attached:  Appendix A: Interagency Consultation Meeting Minutes  Appendix B: The MOVES2014a tabulations for each analysis year  Appendix C: The MOVES2014a Input Ozone Emission Runs  Appendix D: ACRONYMS Please direct an y que stions you m ay ha ve on the air qu ality emiss ion analysis to: Conn ecticut Depa rtmen t of Tran spo rtation Bu reau of Po licy an d Planning Di visi on of Coo rdina tion, Modeling an d Crash Data – Unit 5753 1 Travel Demand / Air Quality Modeling Unit 280 0 Be rlin Turn pike Newington, CT. 061 11 (860) 594 -203 2 Email: Jud y.Raymon d@ ct. gov 44 APP EN DIX A Interagen cy Consultation Mee ting Minu tes 45 IN TERAGEN CY CONSU LTATION MEETI NG Stat ewide T ransport ation Impro vement Program Co nne cticut Departm ent of Transportat ion Ro om 2307 – February 7 , 20 17 Go To Meeting Atten dees : Eloise Powell – FHW A Ken Shooshan-Stoller, FHW A Leah Sirmin – FTA Ariel Garcia – EPA Je nnifer Carrier – CRCO G C a r a R a d z i n s – CRCOG R o b A l o i s e – CRC OG Mark Nielson – CN VMPO Christian Meyer – CN VMP O Ben Muller – CNVMPO Meghan Sloan – CT Metro COG Robert Haramut – LCRV CO G Stephen Dudley –SCRCOG Chris Rappa – SCRC OG Ri cha rd Guggenheim – SECC OG Kate Rattan – SECCOG Rob Sachnin – W es tern COG Mari beth W ojenski – CTDOT Ju dy Raymond – CTDO T Robbin Cabelus – CTDOT Roxane Fromson – CTDOT Grayson W right – CTDO T Sa ra Radacsi – CTDO T Matthew Cegielski- CTDOT Rya n Dolan – CTDOT Greg Pacelli – CTDOT Kara Chandler – CTDOT 46 Th e Interagency Consu ltation Meeting was held to review projec ts su bmitted for the 2018 – 2021 STIP. Both the Ozo ne and PM 2.5 reports will be elect ronica lly distributed to the MPOs in the appropriate Nonattainment/Maintenance areas, FTA, FHW A, DEE P an d EP A. The MP Os will nee d to hold a 30 da y public comm ent and review period. At the end of this review period , the MP O will h old a Policy Board meeting to endorse the Air Quality Con formity determination. There was also a brief discuss ion on the trav el mo del an d emissions software planning assumptions emp loyed in the conform ity analysis. Th e sch edule for the 201 8-2021 Regional Transp ortation Impro vem ent Plans Conform ity Determina tion Analysis is as follow:  MPOs transmit signed and dated Concurrence Form to judy.raymond@ ct.gov by F e b r u a r y 1 0 , 201 7.  CTDOT Travel Demand Model Unit perform s the air quality analysis an d se nds the Air Qu ality Conformity Determina tion Reports electronica lly to all MPOs in e a r ly s umme r 20 17  MPOs adve rtise and hold a 30 -da y public rev iew an d co mm ent pe riod for the Air Qu ality Conformity.  MPOs hold a Policy Board meeting approving an d endo rsing the Air Quality Conformity and transmit resolutions to judy.raymond@ct.gov after Policy Board meeting . It is importan t tha t all MPOs follow this schedule to ensu re that the TIP/STIP Con formity Determ inations can go forward on schedule. 47 PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS Ozone and PM2.5 2018 -2021 Statewide Transportation Improvement Program February 7, 2017 Planning Assumptions for Review Frequency of Review * Responsible Agency Year of Data Socioeconomic Data At least every 5 years CTDOT 2010 Census Data available 2012 DMV Vehicle Registration Data At least every 5 years CTDE EP 2011 Data available 2012 State Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance Program Each con formity round CTDE EP Same as currently approved I&M SIP State Low Emission Vehicle Program Each conformity round following approval into the SIP CTDE EP Same as SIP VMT Mix Data At least every 5 years CTDE EP 20 10** Analysis Years – PM 2.5 Each conformity round CTDOT/CTDE EP 2018 , 2025, 2035, 2040 Analysis Years – Ozone Each conformity round CTDOT/CTDE EP 2018 , 2025, 2035, 2040 Emission Budget – PM2.5 As SIP revised/updated CTDE EP 2017 / 2025 PM 2.5 Emission Budget – Ozone As SIP revised/updated CTDEEP 20 09 SW 2017 Gr.CT Temperatures and Humidity As SIP revised/updated CTDE EP X Control Strategies Each conformity round CTDE EP X HPMS VMT Each conformity round CTDOT 20 13 * Review of Planning Assumptions does not necessarily prelude an update or calibrati on of the travel demand model. ** Data not available until 2011 . 48 APP EN DIX B MOVES 2014 a tabulations 49 2018 MOVES 2014a Cou nty Summ ary: Pollutants 2017 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non-Attainment Area Greater CT Non-Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Har tford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 7.6274 1.6437 7.1406 16.4117 7.8156 1.8309 2.6416 1.4939 1.1044 14.8865 31.2981 3 Nox 9.9661 2.4093 10.0105 22.3859 10.5144 1.8126 3.8446 2.1539 1.4138 19.7393 42.1252 79 NM Hydrocarbons 7.2531 1.5533 6.7620 15.5684 7.4237 1.7720 2.4988 1.4078 1.0508 14.1531 29.7215 87 VOC 7.7097 1.6517 7.1948 16.5562 7.9072 1.8841 2.6612 1.5020 1.1199 15.0744 31.6306 2025 MOVES 2014a Cou nty Summ ary: Pollutants 2025 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non-Attainment Area Greater CT Non-Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Har tford Litchfield New Londo n Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 5.7190 1.2515 5.4076 12.3781 5.9992 1.3967 1.9892 1.1474 0.8431 11.3756 23.7538 3 Nox 5.8467 1.4415 5.9709 13.2592 6.3827 1.0401 2.2826 1.3132 0.8443 11.8629 25.1221 79 NM Hydrocarbons 5.3595 1.1620 5.0 332 11.5547 5.6067 1.3457 1.8484 1.0597 0.7907 10.6512 22.2059 87 VOC 5.7175 1.2404 5.3766 12.3345 5.9939 1.4340 1.9759 1.1353 0.8457 11.3848 23.7193 2035 MOVES 2014a Cou nty Summ ary: Pollutants 2035 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non-Attainment Area Greater CT Non-Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Har tford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 3.3318 0.7501 3.3393 7.4212 3.5313 0.8082 1.1954 0.7082 0.5127 6.7559 14.1771 3 Nox 3.3550 0.8533 3.6562 7.8644 3.7133 0.5187 1.3589 0.8207 0.5005 6.9120 14.7765 79 NM Hydrocarbons 3.0337 0.6739 3.0076 6.7152 3.2015 0.7726 1.0743 0.6305 0.4683 6.1472 12.8624 87 VOC 3.2779 0.7294 3.2559 7.2633 3.4657 0.8309 1.1638 0.6850 0.5072 6.6526 13.9159 2040 MOVES 2014a Cou nty Summ ary: Pollutants 2040 Emission Quantities (Tons/Day) NY/NJ/CT Non-Attainment Area Greater CT Non-Attainment Area Statewide ID Name Fairfield Middlesex New Haven Subtotal Har tford Litchfield New London Tolland Windham Subtotal 1 Hydrocarbons 3.0376 0.6925 3.0718 6.8019 3.2469 0.7390 1.1028 0.6601 0.4774 6.2262 13.0281 3 Nox 3.1171 0.8020 3.4334 7.3524 3.4812 0.4695 1.2780 0.7816 0.4722 6.4824 13.8348 79 NM Hydrocarbons 2.7468 0.61 74 2.7452 6.1094 2.9223 0.7050 0.9834 0.5828 0.4335 5.6271 11.7365 87 VOC 2.9989 0.6754 3.0034 6.6777 3.1970 0.7657 1.0767 0.6399 0.4743 6.1537 12.8313 50 APPE NDIX C MOV ES 20 14a Input Oz on e Em iss ion Runs 51 2018 Fairfiel d 53 54 55 56 57 201 8 Hartford 58 59 60 61 62 63 201 8 Litchfield 64 66 68 69 201 8 Middlesex 71 73 74 75 201 8 New Haven 77 79 80 81 201 8 New London 83 85 86 87 201 8 Tolland 89 91 92 93 201 8 Windham 95 97 98 99 2025 Fairfield 101 103 104 105 2025 Hartford 107 109 110 111 2025 Litchfield 113 115 116 117 2025 Middlesex 119 121 122 123 2025 New Haven 125 127 128 129 2025 New London 131 133 134 135 2025 Tolland 137 139 140 141 2025 Windham 143 145 146 147 2035 Fairfield 149 151 152 153 2035 Hartford 154 155 159 160 2035 Litchfield 161 162 166 167 2035 Middlesex 168 169 173 174 2035 New Haven 175 176 180 181 2035 New London 182 183 187 188 2035 Tolland 189 190 19 4 195 2035 Windham 196 197 201 202 2040 Fairfield 203 204 208 209 2040 Hartford 210 211 215 216 2040 Litchfield 217 218 222 223 2040 Middlesex 224 225 229 230 2040 New Haven 231 232 236 237 2040 New London 238 239 243 244 2040 Tolland 245 246 250 251 2040 Windham 252 253 257 258 APP EN DIX D AC RON YMS 259 Acr onym s Acronym Me aning CA AA Cle an Air Act Am endments (1990) CO Carbon Mon oxide COG Coun cil of Gov ernm ent CTD OT Conn ecticut Departm ent of Trans portation CT DEEP Connecticut Departm ent of Env ironme ntal Prot ection EPA U.S. En viron me ntal Protec tion A gency FSD Final S cope Developm ent (Now PD) ISTEA Inte rmodal Surface Trans po rtation E fficien cy Act MA P-21 Moving Ah ead for Pro gress in the 21 st Centu ry Act MO VES Mobile Vehicle Emission Simulator MPO Met ropolitan Pl anning Organization NAAQS Nation al Ambient Air Quality Sta ndards NH 3 Ammonia NOx Ni tro gen Oxides PD Pr eliminary Design (Forme rly FSD) PDWP Pr oject D evelopm ent W ork Pro gram PM 2.5 Fine Particulate Matt er PMT Person M iles T raveled RA Regional Admi nist er ROP Rate of Pro gress RTP Regional Transp ortation Plan (generally refers to Regional Transp ortation Plan Upd ate) SA FETEA-LU Safe, Accoun table, Flexible, Effici ent T ransport ation Equi ty Act: A Legacy for U sers SD Stu dy and D evelopme nt SIP State Impl eme ntation Plan SOx Sulfur Oxides STIP St atewide Transpo rtation Improv eme nt Pro gram TCM Transpo rtation Co ntrol Me asure TIP Transpo rtation Improv ement Pro gram USDOT U.S. D epartm ent of Transport ation USEPA U.S. En viron me ntal Protec tion A gency VMT Vehicle M iles T raveled VOC Vol atile Organic Comp ound